Gilani’s Gallopedia©

 Gallopedia

From Gilani Research Foundation               April 2021, Issue # 687*

Compiled on a weekly basis since January 2007

Gilani’s Gallopedia is a weekly Digest of Opinions in a globalized world

This issue scores 74 out of 100 on Gilani-Gallopedia's Globality Index, showing coverage of world population, and 83 out of 100 on the world income (prosperity) Index. Click for Details

Contact Details: Natasha Amir

Research Executive, Gallup Pakistan

Email: natasha@galluppakistan.com

This WEEKLY REPORT consists of 23 national & multi country surveys 8 polling organizations have been represented.

Asia:

India (IT and Telecom), Pakistan (Performance Ratings), Palestine (Elections) – 03 national polls

Africa:

South Africa (Health), Uganda (Energy) – 02 national polls

Euro Americas:

Scotland (Elections), Wales (Elections), UK(Political Parties), France(Lifestyle, Health), Spain (Lifestyle, Sports ),  USA (Performance Ratings , Employment Issues , Environment), Australia(Consumer Confidence, Consumer Confidence) – 12 national polls

Multi-Country Studies:

Arabbarometer  06 Countries (Muslim World)

Ipsos MORI  05 Countries (Sports)

Ipsos Egypt– 30 Countries (Environment)

Afrobarometer  32 Countries (Environment)

YouGov Germany  17 Countries (Consumer Confidence)

PEW  04 Countries (Well-Being)

Topic of the Week:

4 In 10 in the Arab World  Said Erdogan’s Foreign Policies Are Good Or Very Good

Gilani-Gallopedia Globality Index

      ASIA AND MENA Regions

687-01 One Out Of Seven Indians Believe Their Personal Data Is Secure With E-Commerce Sites And Online Businesses (14%)  (Click for Details)

Urban Indians trust the government more than others with their personal data  (India) YouGov’s latest study reveals that more than one-third of urban Indians trust government departments with the safety of their personal data (35%). This is closely followed by trust in financial institutions (31%). Only one out of seven respondents believe their personal data is secure with e-commerce sites and online businesses (14%). Social media platforms (7%) and hospitals or other healthcare units (6%) are the least trusted by people when it comes to their personal data.

(YouGov India)

April 19, 2021

3.12 Economy » IT & Telecom

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687-02  78% Pakistanis Who Believe The Country Is Headed In The Wrong Direction Cite Inflation As The Top Reason; 58% Say Unemployment (Click for Details)

(Pakistan) 78% Pakistanis who believe the country is headed in the wrong direction cite inflation as the top reason; 58% say unemployment. “Normally, why do you think that the country is headed in the wrong direction?” In response to this question, 78% said inflation, 58% said unemployment, 36% said poverty, 27% said corruption, 17% said load shedding, 14% said inexperienced government / politicians.

(Gallup Pakistan)

April 22, 2021

1.2 Domestic Politics » Performance Ratings

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687-03 33.5% Palestinians Would Vote For Marwan Barghouthi (Click for Details)

Palestine group says news about election false(Palestine) In the possible presidential showdown, 33.5% would vote for Marwan Barghouthi while 24.5% would vote for Mahmoud Abbas (Abu Mazen), 10.5% would vote for Ismail Haniyeh and 31.5% said they still did not know. More generally, 60.2% said they supported the idea of Marwan Barghouthi running for president, while 19.3% said they did not. Barghouthi is serving consecutive life sentences in an Israeli prison, but Palestinians consider him a political prisoner.

(JMCC)

April 21, 2021

1.1 Domestic Politics » Elections

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AFRICA Regions

 

*      AFRICA

687-04 Almost Half 40% Of South African Households Go Hungry Due To Covid-19 (Click for Details)

(South Africa) At the time of fieldwork, more than 40% of South Africans of all age groups were affected by hunger. Close to six in every ten South Africans (58%) think that President Cyril Ramaphosa did a good job during the Covid-19 pandemic and a similar proportion (56%) give the South African Government credit for their handling of the pandemic. More than half (52%) of South Africans saying that the alleged corruption by government officials during the Covid-19 pandemic made them more negative about the ANC.

(Ipsos South Africa)

21 April 2021

4.11 Society » Health

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687-05 Despite Hydropower Surplus, 74% Ugandans Report Lack Of Electricity (Click for Details)

(Uganda) More households use solar energy than electricity from the national grid. Lack of access and connection to the national electric grid is especially common for the poorest citizens, rural residents, and those in the Northern and Western regions. Even so, citizens’ ratings of the government’s performance on providing reliable electricity have improved significantly.

(Afrobarometer)

22 Apr 2021

3.10 Economy » Energy

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EURO-AMERICA Regions

*      EUROPE

687-06 SNP Have A 49% Share Of The Scottish Parliament Constituency Vote  (Click for Details)

Scottish Voting Intention (16-20 Apr) | YouGov(Scotland) The latest YouGov voting intention figures for Scotland show that the SNP have a 49% share of the constituency vote (-1 from 19-22 March), while the Conservatives are now on 21% (-3). Elsewhere in the constituency vote, Labour are on 21% (+4), the Liberal Democrats have 6% (+1), and the Greens 1% (-1). Of the regional vote, the SNP hold 39% (-7), the Conservatives have 22% (-2) and Labour 17% (+2). The Greens now hold 10% (+2) and the Liberal Democrats have 5% (n/c).

(YouGov UK)

April 22, 2021

1.1   Domestic Politics » Elections

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687-07 Senedd Voting Intention: Lab 35%, Con 24% PC 24% (18-21 Apr) (Click for Details)

(Wales) The vote shares for the regional list vote see Labour with a 33% share (+2), Conservatives 22% (-6), Plaid Cymru 23% (+1) and Lib Dems 4% (n/c). Our latest figures show a reasonable change in the Labour lead over the Conservatives in both the constituency and regional list vote. 10% of those who say they’d vote Conservative if there was a UK-wide general election tomorrow say they are planning to vote Labour in the Senedd.

(YouGov UK)

April 22, 2021

1.2   Domestic Politics » Elections

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687-08  61% Think It Unacceptable For Ex-Ministers To Work For Companies Trying To Win Government Contracts (Click for Details)

(UK) In terms of working for companies who are seeking to win government contracts, 54% of respondents said it was unacceptable for former ministers to be employed to provide strategic advice, while 61% said it was unacceptable for them to be employed working to help win the contracts. Just 20% and 15% of Brits think it is acceptable for ministers to provide advice or work for companies bidding for government contracts respectively.

(YouGov UK)

April 23, 2021

1.4 Domestic Politics » Political Parties

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687-09  7 Out Of 10 French People Own A Barbecue And/or A Plancha 70% (Click for Details)

Barbecue and plancha: the stars of the summer(France) 7 out of 10 French people own a barbecue and / or a plancha (70%). Among them, 81%  have at least one barbecue and 46% have at least one plancha. In details, 56% have a charcoal barbecue, 18% an electric barbecue and 15% a gas barbecue. 31% use an electric plancha and 16% a gas plancha. The vast majority of barbecue / plancha owners say they use - at least occasionally - their appliance to cook something other than meat (86%).

(YouGov France)

April 22, 2021

4.7 Society » Lifestyle

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687-10 1 In 2 French Say They Are Sure They Are Up To Date With Regard To Their Vaccination (52%) (Click for Details)

(France) Only 1 in 2 say they are sure they are up to date with regard to their vaccination (52%), the others are not sure (36%) or are on the contrary certain that they are not (10%). Patients rarely discuss this subject with the healthcare professionals who follow them: only 27% say they talk about vaccination with their doctor "at least once a year". Digital tools could put patients back at the center of their vaccination journey. Thus, 48% of French people say that they would no longer be vaccinated.

(Ipsos France)

April 20, 2021

4.11 Society » Health

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687-11  39% Of Spaniards Consider Spending A Lot Of Time Reading, Compared To 25% Who Consider Reading Very Little (Click for Details)

¿Cuánto tiempo se dedica en España a la lectura?(Spain) Most of the Spanish respondents dedicate between 1 and 10 hours a week reading (43%), this percentage changes in the group of people who declare that they read a lot, dropping to 28%. Among the population that declares that they dedicate a lot of time to the activity of reading, 52% respond to spend between 10 and 20 hours a week with this activity (compared to 26% of the total population). On the other hand, 18% of the population responds that they dedicate less than an hour a week to reading.

(YouGov Spain)

April 23, 2021

4.7 Society » Lifestyle

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687-12 Exactly Half Of The Spanish (50%) Support The Super League (Click for Details)

(Spain) Unlike other markets, such as Italy and England, which also have clubs that would participate in the competition, exactly half of the Spanish (50%) support the Super League. In fact, this proportion is larger than that of people who oppose it (44%).Among the fans of the Spanish clubs that would participate in the competition, there is even more support from the stands of Atlético de Madrid and Real Madrid (52% and 63% respectively), while among FC Barcelona fans this proportion is at the par with the general population (47%).

(YouGov Spain)

April 22, 2021

4.15 Society » Sports

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*      NORTH AMERICA

687-13  Biden Job Approval A Respectable 57% At 100 Days  (Click for Details)

https://content.gallup.com/origin/gallupinc/GallupSpaces/Production/Cms/POLL/06hdkjrm_0qi40yvtdbqca.jpg(USA) Biden's 100-day approval rating, based on an April 1-21 Gallup poll, well exceeds former President Donald Trump's 41% 100-day score but falls short of Barack Obama's 65% and George W. Bush's 62%. However, it's similar to readings in the mid- to high 50s for George H.W. Bush (58%) and Bill Clinton (55%).

(Gallup USA)

APRIL 23, 2021

1.2 Domestic Politics » Performance Ratings

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687-14  About Six-In-Ten U.S. Adults 62% Say They Favor Raising The Federal Minimum Wage To $15 An Hour (Click for Details)

(USA) About six-in-ten U.S. adults (62%) say they favor raising the federal minimum wage to $15 an hour, including 40% who strongly back the idea. About four-in-ten (38%) say they oppose the proposal, according to a Pew Research Center survey conducted April 5-11. A narrow majority of these Americans (54%) say leaders should focus on passing an increase to the wage “even if it may be significantly less than $15 an hour,” while 43% say the priority should be to work to raise the hourly minimum wage to $15.

(PEW)

APRIL 22, 2021

3.3 Economy » Employment Issues

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687-15 44% Of Americans Said Dealing With Climate Change Should Be A Top Long-Term Foreign Policy Goal For The United States (Click for Details)

Americans’ views of key foreign policy goals depend on their attitudes toward international cooperation(USA) Overall, the American public is closely divided on the question of how much international engagement benefits the nation. A slight majority (54%) said many of the nation’s problems can be solved by working with other countries, while a narrow minority (45%) said few of the country’s problems can be solved through international cooperation. And these differences of opinion over international engagement often extend to specific issues.

(PEW)

APRIL 23, 2021

4.14 Society » Environment

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*      AUSTRALIA

687-16 The Number Of Australians Drinking Wine Increased From 8,065,000 Australians (41.0%) To 8,814,000 (44.3%) (Click for Details)

(Australia) In 2020 a total of 13,337,000 Australians (67.0%) aged 18+ consumed alcohol in an average four-week period, up from 13,021,000 (66.2%) a year earlier. Driving this increase were significant increases for wine and spirits during the COVID-19 pandemic impacted 2020. The number of Australians drinking wine increased from 8,065,000 Australians (41.0%) to 8,814,000 (44.3%) – an increase of 3.3% points over the year.

(Roy Morgan)

April 20 2021

3.2 Economy » Consumer Confidence

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687-17 In December 2020 A Majority Of 82% Of Australians Are Satisfied With Their General Insurer (Click for Details)

(Australia) The larger general insurance brands which cater to a more diverse range of customers nation-wide have also had a good year with improvements in customer satisfaction across the board. The big improvers included CommInsure (up 8% points on a year ago), Budget Direct (up 8% points), Allianz (up 5% points), and the larger State-based RACQ in Queensland (up 5% points) and NRMA in NSW (up 3% points).

(Roy Morgan)

April 20 2021

3.2 Economy » Consumer Confidence

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*   MULTICOUNTRY STUDIES

687-18 4 In 10 in the Arab World  Said Erdogan’s Foreign Policies Are Good Or Very Good (Click for Details)

Erdogan warns Greece: "We will not back down in the Mediterranean |  Atalayar - Las claves del mundo en tus manosAsked what they thought of his foreign policies, a sizeable minority of respondents in the six surveyed countries—a little more than 4 in 10 (42 percent)—said they were very good or good. This included majorities in Morocco (57 percent), Jordan (54 percent), and Algeria (52 percent), and a sizeable minority in Tunisia (41 percent). Only in Lebanon (25 percent) and Libya (23 percent) did a smaller minority of a quarter or smaller proportion of respondents view Erdogan’s foreign policies favorably.

(Arabbarometer)

April 21, 2021

2.7 Foreign Affairs & Security » Muslim World

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687-19 9 In 10 Britons Know About The European Super League Proposals (Click for Details)

Spanish are most likely to support the agreement that the 15 founding club members get major funding each season irrespective of performance, with half (49%) saying they strongly support/tend to support.  In comparison, 31% of those in the UK and 34% in Germany.  In comparison, the UK is the least likely to support all of the above features of the league.

(Ipsos MORI)

21 April 2021

4.15 Society » Sports

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687-20 Global Market Average Of Only 31% Agree Their Government Has A Clear Plan To Tackle Climate Change (Click for Details)

At the same time, people feel the burden of responsibility, with 72% agreeing that if ordinary people do not act now to combat climate change they will be failing future generations. 68% globally say that if companies do not act to combat climate change then they are failing their employees and customers, and 65% globally believe that if their government does not combat climate change then it is failing citizens.

(Ipsos Egypt)

22 April 2021

4.14 Society » Environment

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687-21  More Than Two-Thirds Of Africans Say Climate Change Is Making Their Lives Worse And Must Be Stopped (Click for Details)

In all but four countries, pluralities said climate conditions for agricultural production have worsened over the past decade, most often due to drought. And among Africans who had heard of climate change, large majorities said it is making life in their country worse and needs to be stopped. More than two-thirds of Africans say climate change is making their lives worse and must be stopped, Afrobarometer analyses show.

(Afrobarometer)

22 Apr 2021

4.14 Society » Environment

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687-22  Junk Food Consumption Has Risen Since The Crisis In Major Markets Around The World  (Click for Details)

While food and supplies hoarding was a result of consumer fear and insecurity in the early months of the pandemic, curfews and food restrictions eventually led many people to discover (or rediscover) the passion for home cooking. In countries such as Australia, France, Germany, Mexico, Singapore, the United Kingdom and the US, consumption of fresh fruits / vegetables and dairy products has increased significantly since the pandemic began. When it comes to fresh fruit and vegetables, Mexico (57 percent) and Singapore (46 percent) lead the way.

(YouGov Germany)

April 23, 2021

3.2 Economy » Consumer Confidence

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687-23  Many In Western Europe And U.S. Want Economic Changes As Pandemic Continues (Click for Details)

Many in Western Europe and U.S. Want Economic Changes as Pandemic Continues  | Pew Research CenterCalls for reform are more prevalent among those who think their country’s economy is not faring well. In the U.S., a large majority (69%) of those who say their country’s economic situation is currently bad also say that the system needs major changes. Just 28% of those who say the economy is currently good support such reform, a 41 percentage point difference. 63% of Britons who say the UK’s economy is currently poor call for reforming their economic system; about a quarter who say the economy is good hold the same view on reform.

(PEW)

APRIL 22, 2021

3.1 Economy » Well-Being

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TOPIC OF THE WEEK:

4 In 10 in the Arab World Said Erdogan’s Foreign Policies Are Good Or Very Good

uThis page is devoted to opinions of countries whose polling activity is generally not known very widely or where a recent topical issue requires special attention.

 

4 In 10 in the Arab World Said Erdogan’s Foreign Policies Are Good Or Very Good

In the rivalry for regional influence, it is not only states that jostle for strategic primacy and public positioning in Arab countries. Regional leaders have also sought to project and represent their states’ foreign policies and aspire for public recognition. Some, like Iran’s supreme leader Ali Khamenei, even have an active and multi-lingual presence on Twitter and other social media outlets to manage and promote their public image. They all appeal to transnational bonds of Arab or Islamic solidarity, as they try to justify their foreign policies within those parameters. According to Arab Barometer’s (AB) most recent data, they have not been very successful.

Erdogan warns Greece: "We will not back down in the Mediterranean |  Atalayar - Las claves del mundo en tus manosAccording to Arab Barometer Wave 6 data, the most popular regional leader among surveyed countries remained Recep Tayyip Erdogan of Turkey. Asked what they thought of his foreign policies, a sizeable minority of respondents in the six surveyed countries—a little more than 4 in 10 (42 percent)—said they were very good or good. This included majorities in Morocco (57 percent), Jordan (54 percent), and Algeria (52 percent), and a sizeable minority in Tunisia (41 percent). Only in Lebanon (25 percent) and Libya (23 percent) did a smaller minority of a quarter or smaller proportion of respondents view Erdogan’s foreign policies favorably.

Less popular was Saudi Arabia’s crown prince (and de facto ruler) Mohammad Bin Salman. A small minority of respondents in the six surveyed countries—little more than 1 in 4 (28 percent)—said his foreign policies were very good or good. Bin Salman was thus significantly less popular than Erdogan in the six countries combined, and was most popular in Libya, where 45 percent looked favorably upon his foreign policies. Elsewhere, fewer proportions looked favorably upon his foreign policies in Morocco (39 percent), Algeria (31 percent), Lebanon (24 percent), Tunisia (22 percent), and Jordan (13 percent).

Finally, and despite the social media presence, Iran’s supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei was the least popular among regional leaders. A smaller minority of respondents in the six surveyed countries—a little less than 1 in 6 (16 percent)—said his foreign policies were very good or good. Erdogan was thus more than two-and-a-half times as popular in the six countries combined as Khamenei, who was most popular in Morocco where 23 percent looked favorably upon his foreign policies. Elsewhere, fewer proportions thought so in Lebanon (20 percent), Libya (19 percent), Algeria (15 percent), Tunisia (14 percent), and Jordan (5 percent).

https://www.arabbarometer.org/wp-content/uploads/Q725_MENA_LEADERS_GRID_COMPARATIVE-1230x1135.png

There are several explanations for why Erdogan is so much more popular in the surveyed countries than either Bin Salman or Khamanei. The first of which is that, despite his illiberal and authoritarian tendencies, Erdogan enjoys a considerable level of electoral legitimacy. Erdogan has consistently won elections that are largely free and fair, and in which voter turnout is one of the highest in the world. It goes without saying that neither Bin Salman nor Khamenei enjoy this electoral legitimacy.

A second reason may be that, under Erdogan, Turkey has become much more accessible to Arab citizens – much more so in fact than Arab countries are. In the late 2000s, the Erdogan government cancelled visas for most countries in the Middle East and North Africa – including Morocco, Tunisia, Jordan, Lebanon and (for a time) Libya – five of the six countries surveyed in AB6. Visas have been reinstated for war-torn countries such as Libya, Syria and Yemen (making it almost impossible for citizens of these countries to enter), but Turkey remains one of the few countries in the world that is open and accessible to Arab citizens. That Turkey under Erdogan has opened up to this degree towards Arab countries and citizens is reflective in the increasingly higher commercial, cultural and touristic exchange between Turkey and Arab countries. Neither Saudi Arabia nor Iran is accessible to as many Arab citizens, nor are they likely to become under their current leadership.

And then there is the transnational claim on leadership of the Muslim nation (ummah), which Erdogan makes much more effectively than Bin Salman or Khamenei. Under Erdogan, Turkey has invested heavily in cultural production geared at reviving the Ottoman imperial heritage. While this has been contested in Turkey, it has been much better received in the Arab World where there is an exacerbated and sustained leadership crisis, and where Islam’s imperial legacy is sorely missed. An elected leader of a conservative, nationalist party with Islamist roots, Erdogan claims to lead the ummah in a much broader sense than either Bin Salman or Khamenei. His own simple roots in the poor Istanbul neighborhood of Kasımpaşa perhaps lend credence to these claims. Bin Salman and Khamenei cannot make these claims with as much credibility. Afterall, Bin Salman is an heir to an absolute monarchic dynasty, whereas the clerical and sectarian dimensions prevent Khamenei from appealing to as broad of a segment of Muslims.

Finally, and perhaps most importantly, there is the question of military intervention in neighboring states, which my colleague Michael Robbins addressed in an earlier post. Though all three leaders have spearheaded foreign policies that can safely be characterized as imperial, Erdogan’s has perhaps been the least costly in terms of human lives. Turkey’s ethnic cleansing of parts of Northern Syria pales in comparison to Saudi Arabia’s genocidal war in Yemen and Iran’s genocidal intervention in Syria.

As I have previously argued elsewhere, Erdogan’s popularity in the Arab and Muslim worlds is problematic. However, it is easy for the impartial observer to see why Bin Salman and Khamenei is no match.

(Arabbarometer)

April 21, 2021

Source: https://www.arabbarometer.org/2021/04/whither-erdogan-regional-leadership-and-the-struggle-for-arab-hearts-and-minds/

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GILANI-GALLOPEDIA GLOBALITY INDEX:

u The purpose of this index is to treat the Global Coverage by each issue of Gallopedia in terms of Population, National Income and estimated Power measured by G20 Membership.

 

*      GILANI-GALLOPEDIA GLOBALITY INDEX

 

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Disclaimer: Gilani’s Gallopedia is a not-for-profit activity and every effort has been made to give attribution to respective polling organizations. All material presented here is available elsewhere as public information. Readers may please visit the original source for further details. Gilani Research foundation does not bear any responsibility for accuracy of data or the methods and does not claim any proprietary rights benefits or responsibilities thereof.

*Archives: Gilani’s Gallopedia has been compiled on a weekly basis since January 2007. Previous material is available upon request. Please contact natasha@galluppakistan.com