BUSINESS & POLITICS IN THE WORLD

 

GLOBAL OPINION REPORT NO. 715-716

 

 

Week: November 01 –November 14, 2021

 

Presentation: November 19, 2021

 

 

Contents

 

715-716-43-41/Commentary: No More Than Three-In-Ten Adults See The U S Military As The Best In The World: Survey Findings From 17 Advanced Economies. 3

SUMMARY OF POLLS. 6

ASIA   18

State Bank Of India Leads The Purchase Funnel Rankings In The Banking List With A Score Of 46.2. 18

4 Out Of 10 People Say They Will Get The Turkovac Vaccine When Ready To Use. 19

62% Of The Society Feels Like They Have Lost Their Social Circle. 23

Population Density Increases By A Sweeping 57% Between 1998 And 2017, From 166 Persons Per Sq. Km In 1998 To 261 Persons In 2017. 26

The Overall Electricity Availability To The Housing Units All Over The Country Has Increased By 17.41% Over The Last Two Decades. 29

AFRICA.. 33

53 Percent Nigerians Were Certain They Would Come Out And Vote For The Gubernatorial Candidate Of Their Choice  33

8 In 10 Adult Nigerians Have No Health Insurance Cover 35

51% Of Malawians Say There Are More Factors That Divide Them Than Unite Them As A People. 41

Only About One In Three Malawians (36%) Think That China’s Economic Activities Have “Some” Or “A Lot Of” Influence On Malawi’s Economy. 44

Less Than A Fifth (18%) Of Adult South Africans Indicated That They Think The Country Is Going In The Right Direction. 49

Three-Fourths (76%) Of South Africans Say The Government Should Prioritize The Provision Of Adequate Housing Over Land Redistribution. 54

WEST EUROPE.. 56

Women Feel Less Safe Walking Home Alone At Night Than In 2018. 57

Polling About Rishi Sunak’s Recent Budget Shows Two In Five Think It Will Be A Good Thing For People On High Incomes (38%) 58

Around Half Of Britons (50%) Say Migrant Numbers Over The Last 10 Years Have Been Too High. 60

Only Half (51%) Of People Who Pay Their Household’s Energy Bills Know What The Energy Price Cap Is. 62

76% Of People In England Say They Would Support A Policy Enforcing Masks Being Worn In Shops. 65

Just Over Half Of Britons (54%) Believe That Their Standard Of Living Will Remain The Same Over The Next Year 67

Public Thinks That Tory Politicians Are More Interested In Maintaining A Good Image For Themselves (56%) Rather Than Generating Action On Climate Change. 69

Two Fifths Of The Public (40%) Think Second Jobs Should Not Be Allowed At All 70

48% Of 10-15 Year Olds Put Climate Change At The Top Of Their Fears For The Future. 73

7 Out Of 10 French People Consider Themselves To Be Good Cooks (70%) 74

Despite An Increasingly Obvious Return To Normalcy, 40% Of Spanish Citizens Still Say That The Pandemic Will Impact The Way They Buy These Holidays. 76

NORTH AMERICA.. 78

The Self-Employed Are Back At Work In Pre-Covid-19 Numbers, But Their Businesses Have Smaller Payrolls. 78

A Majority (62%) Of Hispanic Adults Say Having A Darker Skin Color Hurts Hispanics’ Ability To Get Ahead In The United States Today At Least A Little. 83

Amid The Pandemic, A Rising Share Of Older U S Adults Are Now Retired. 92

16% Of Americans Say They Have Ever Invested In, Traded Or Used Cryptocurrency. 96

Among 9-Year-Old Students, Around Four-In-Ten (42%) Said In 2020 That They Read For Fun Almost Every Day, Down From 53% In Both 2012 And 1984. 98

About Three-Quarters (74%) Of Canadians Visited A Social Networking Site In 2021, Up From 69% In 2020. 102

AUSTRALIA.. 103

Support For New Zealand’s Labour/Greens Government Was Down 5% Points To 50% In October As Support For The Labour Party Dropped 6% Points To 39.5%... 103

Australian Unemployment Increases To 9.2% In October – As Over 12 Million Australians Are Released From Long Lockdowns. 109

MULTICOUNTRY STUDIES. 115

Nearly Three Quarters (72%) Of The Scottish Public Believe That The Uk Is Already Feeling The Effects Of Climate Change, Compared With 67% Of The Uk Public. 115

No More Than Three-In-Ten Adults See The U S Military As The Best In The World: Survey Findings From 17 Advanced Economies. 117

A Survey Of 17 Advanced Economies Highlights The Complexity Of America’s International Image. 120

Almost Half (43%) Of The Global Population Across 17 International Markets Surveyed Follow A Social Media Influencer Of Any Type. 137

A Median Of 89% Across The 16 Non U S Publics Surveyed Describe Racial And Ethnic Discrimination In The U S As A Somewhat Or Very Serious Problem... 139

On Average, Across 29 Countries Over Half (56%) Say They Have Modified Their Consumer Behaviour Out Of Concern About Climate Change. 142

90% Of Brazilians Say That Many People Cannot Afford To Pay For Good Quality Healthcare. 145

Buying Sustainable Fashion Is Important For 2 Out Of 5 Europeans in 10 Countries. 146

Global: Fan Interest In The T20 World Cup In Five Key Markets. 149

Would You Be Willing To Eat Insects As Part Of Your Regular Diet; Survey Conducted In 17 Countries. 152

 


 

INTRODUCTORY NOTE

 

This weekly report consists of forty surveys. The report includes ten multi-country studies from different states across the globe.

 

715-716-43-41/Commentary: No More Than Three-In-Ten Adults See The U S Military As The Best In The World: Survey Findings From 17 Advanced Economies

Americans don’t always see eye to eye with people in other societies over various dimensions of U.S. “hard” and “soft” power, according to a February Pew Research Center survey of the United States and 16 other advanced economies. While Americans see some aspects of U.S. power more positively than people elsewhere, they offer more negative views in other areas.

A bar chart showing that Americans largely see their country’s military, entertainment and technology as above average compared with the rest of the world

When it comes to the U.S. military, for example, 44% of U.S. adults say it’s the best in the world and another 34% describe it as above average. These self-evaluations are slightly rosier than those offered by publics in the other advanced economies surveyed, where, outside of South Korea (42%) and Taiwan (37%), no more than around three-in-ten adults see the U.S. military as the best in the world. Still, large majorities in the U.S. and every other place surveyed describe the American military as at least above average.

How we did this

A chart showing widespread respect globally for American technology, entertainment and military, but few are impressed by the U.S. health care system

Around three-in-ten Americans (29%) describe their country’s entertainment products – including movies, music and television – as the best in the world, while another 39% call them above average. Large majorities in every other place surveyed agree that U.S. cultural exports are at least better than average, but only in Greece, Japan, Singapore and Italy are people as likely as Americans to declare the U.S. the global leader.

Americans are notably less positive when it comes to their nation’s technological achievements. Only 16% think U.S. achievements in this area are the best in the world. On this question, people in other countries are slightly more likely to see the U.S. positively. A median of 20% of adults across the 16 other advanced economies say U.S. technology is the best in the world, including 45% in Greece, 38% in South Korea and 31% in Taiwan. While relatively few Americans see their own country’s technological achievements as the world’s best, 64% of U.S. adults see them as at least better than average – a view that is broadly shared across the other surveyed publics (median of 72%).

Americans do not offer especially glowing evaluations of their universities, either. Only 14% call them the best in the world, though another 33% describe them as better than average. Across the other publics surveyed, a median of 59% describe U.S. universities as at least better than average. And in Greece (40%), South Korea (31%), Japan (24%) and Singapore (23%), around a quarter or more describe them as the best in the world.

When it comes to the U.S. standard of living, around half of Americans (51%) describe it as above average or better, including 12% who call it the best in the world. Yet outside of Taiwan (53%), South Korea (52%), Spain (51%) and Greece (47%), people in other advanced economies offer less positive assessments. Across the other 16 places surveyed, a median of only 33% describe the U.S. standard of living as above average or better. In fact, in most places, a plurality describes the American standard of living as solidly “average” – including half who give it this rating in Germany. Around half of the Dutch (47%) and Swedes (53%) call the American standard of living below average or worse.

Few people in any of the advanced economies surveyed – the U.S. included – describe the American health care system as the best in the world. Americans themselves are relatively divided over whether it is better than average (31%), average (30%) or worse than average (39%). Elsewhere, majorities say the American health care system is below average or worse, including one-in-five or more in Australia (24%), Spain (20%) and Belgium (20%) who say the American health care system is the worst in the world.

Views differ by age, income, party affiliation

A chart showing that older Americans express more positive views than younger adults about key aspects of U.S. power

Younger people tend to evaluate America more positively than older people in some of the advanced economies surveyed. In the U.S., however, the opposite is often true: Older Americans, for example, are more likely than younger adults to describe their nation’s standard of living, health care system, military, technological achievements and universities as above average. Younger Americans, however, are more likely than older adults to see their country’s entertainment products positively.

Across many advanced economies surveyed, people with higher incomes are more likely than those with lower incomes to describe the U.S. as above average across nearly all dimensions asked about – with the notable exceptions of the health care system and the overall standard of living. In the U.S., however, higher-income people are more likely than lower-income people to compliment America’s standard of living.

A chart showing that Republicans in the U.S. are far more likely than Democrats to endorse U.S. standard of living, health care, military

In the U.S., there are also stark partisan and ideological differences in views about American power. Republicans and independents who lean toward the Republican Party are more likely than Democrats and Democratic leaners to describe America’s health care system, standard of living and military as above average or better. The opposite is true when it comes to universities and entertainment.

(PEW)

NOVEMBER 1, 2021

Source: https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2021/11/01/americans-differ-from-people-in-other-societies-over-some-aspects-of-u-s-hard-and-soft-power/

 

SUMMARY OF POLLS

ASIA

(India)

State Bank Of India Leads The Purchase Funnel Rankings In The Banking List With A Score Of 46.2

In India, State Bank of India leads the purchase funnel rankings in the banking list with a score of 46.2. The second and the third spots are taken by HDFC Bank and ICICI Bank with scores of 34.7 and 29.6 respectively. Similarly, Life insurance corporation of India, SBI life insurance and ICICI Prudential life insurance take the first three spots in the Life insurance list. In the general insurance list, SBI general insurance, HDFC ERGO general insurance and ICICI Lombard take the first three spots.

(YouGov India)
November 8, 2021

 

(Turkey)

4 Out Of 10 People Say They Will Get The Turkovac Vaccine When Ready To Use

4 out of 10 people say they will get the Turkovac vaccine when it is ready for use. While 37% of the society states that they will have the Turkovac vaccine, whose 3rd phase studies are ongoing, when it is ready for use, only 1 out of every 5 people states that they will not have it for the time being. The rate of those who are undecided about whether to have the Turkovac vaccine is 42%. As expected, those who do not have the Covid-19 vaccine are also negative about getting the Turkovac vaccine.

(Ipsos Turkey)

1 November 2021

 

62% Of The Society Feels Like They Have Lost Their Social Circle

Individuals who find themselves in a changing social life with the epidemic seem to be adversely affected in this respect. 6 out of 10 people state that they feel like they have lost their social circle due to the coronavirus epidemic, and 7 out of 10 people state that their life has become monotonous due to this epidemic.

(Ipsos Turkey)

8 November 2021

 

(Pakistan)

Population Density Increases By A Sweeping 57% Between 1998 And 2017, From 166 Persons Per Sq. Km In 1998 To 261 Persons In 2017

Overall Population Density (by administrative units) of Pakistan in 2017 revealed to be around 261 persons per square kilometer. Population density is typically defined as the number of persons per square kilometer. In the year 2017, when the census was conducted, the population density of Pakistan was around 261 persons per square kilometer. Comparison with 1998 Census shows that Pakistan’s population density in 2017 has increased by around 57% since 1998.

(Gallup Pakistan)

November 1, 2021

 

The Overall Electricity Availability To The Housing Units All Over The Country Has Increased By 17.41% Over The Last Two Decades

Overall Electricity Availability: The overall electricity availability to the housing units all over the country has increased by 17.41% over the last two decades (electricity was available to 70.46% of the housing units in 1998 and 87.87% of the housing units in 2017). Electricity is one of the major sources of lighting or energy across Pakistan. According to the 2017 Census, electricity was available to 87.87% of the housing units all over the country as compared to 70.46% of the housing units in 1998 Census, indicating an increase of 17.41%. Figure 1 – Overall Electricity Availability in 1998 and 2017 (per housing units)

(Gallup Pakistan)

November 11, 2021

 

AFRICA

(Nigeria)

53 Percent Nigerians Were Certain They Would Come Out And Vote For The Gubernatorial Candidate Of Their Choice

The poll was conducted between 7th and 12th October 2021, and it sought to assess the preparedness of voters towards the forthcoming Governorship election in Anambra state. From the results of 500 randomly selected legible voters across all the LGA in Anambra state and interviewed via telephone: Professor Chukwuma Soludo polled 20 percent; Valentine Ozigbo polled 9 percent; Ifeanyi Patrick Ubah of YPP (7 percent); and Andy Nnamdi Uba of APC (6 percent) amongst other candidates.

(NOI Polls)

November 2, 2021

 

8 In 10 Adult Nigerians Have No Health Insurance Cover

A new public opinion poll conducted by NOIPolls has revealed that almost 8 in 10 Nigerians (77 percent) do not have health insurance cover. Further analysis by occupation revealed that artisans (93 percent), farmers and agricultural workers (91 percent), religious leaders (89 percent), self-employed traders (88 percent), businessmen and women (88 percent), Youth corps members (86 percent) and unemployed (84 percent) are among households and individuals that are paying out-of-pocket and incurring catastrophic health expenditure to access healthcare services in the country.

(NOI Polls)

November 9, 2021

 

(Malawi)

51% Of Malawians Say There Are More Factors That Divide Them Than Unite Them As A People

Malawians widely (78%) reject a proposed change to adopt a federal system of government as a way to guarantee equitable distribution of development resources. Although there are significant differences across regions (Figure 2) and party affiliations, majority opposition to the proposal cuts across these divides. Half (51%) of Malawians say their ethnic groups are “sometimes,” “often,” or “always” treated unfairly by the government – a perception that is considerably more common in the North (65%) and Centre (62%) than in the South (35%).

(Afrobarometer)

04 November 2021

 

Only About One In Three Malawians (36%) Think That China’s Economic Activities Have “Some” Or “A Lot Of” Influence On Malawi’s Economy

Only about one in three Malawians (36%) think that China’s economic activities have “some” or “a lot of” influence on Malawi’s economy, a decline from 59% in 2014. According to Afrobarometer’s 2014 survey, China’s low-cost products and its infrastructure and business investments are the main drivers of positive perceptions. Half (50%) of Malawians see China’s economic and political influence in their country as positive; one in seven (14%) think it is negative.

(Afrobarometer)

04 November 2021

 

(South Africa)

Less Than A Fifth (18%) Of Adult South Africans Indicated That They Think The Country Is Going In The Right Direction

The local government election, which took place during a pandemic, was different from previous elections in many ways, however, it is interesting that the issues of voters are very similar to issues they brought to the fore on earlier occasions. Without a doubt the non-delivery on these issues contributed to the low election turnout (probably the lowest ever) and the relatively muted performance of the three biggest political parties in the country. For the first time since 1994, ANC support on a countrywide basis will fall under 50% - as predicted early on in the eNCA/Ipsos pre-election study.

(Ipsos South Africa)

4 November 2021

 

Three-Fourths (76%) Of South Africans Say The Government Should Prioritize The Provision Of Adequate Housing Over Land Redistribution

An overwhelming majority (86%) of citizens say the government has a duty to provide adequate housing for South Africans who cannot afford shelter (Figure 2). More than half (55%) of respondents feel “strongly” about this issue. Three-fourths (76%) of South Africans say the government should prioritize the provision of adequate housing over land redistribution. If the government provides housing for citizens who cannot afford shelter, almost half (45%) of respondents say such housing should be built in rural areas. But even more would place such housing in or near central business districts (28%), on the outskirts of urban centers (11%), or in the suburbs (11%).

(Afrobarometer)

9 November 2021

 

WEST EUROPE

(UK)

Women Feel Less Safe Walking Home Alone At Night Than In 2018

YouGov asked Britons how often they felt unsafe in a variety of situations. A repeat of that survey now shows that women are more likely to feel unsafe than they were in 2018, particularly when it comes to walking alone at night. Approaching two thirds of women who ever walk alone outdoors at night say they “always” or “often” feel unsafe when doing so. This is an increase of 17pts from 46% who said the same three years ago.

(YouGov UK)

November 01, 2021

 

Polling About Rishi Sunak’s Recent Budget Shows Two In Five Think It Will Be A Good Thing For People On High Incomes (38%)

Ipsos MORI’s latest online polling about Rishi Sunak’s recent Budget shows two in five think it will be a good thing for people on high incomes (38%), and a third that it will help big businesses (35%). On the other hand, a third or more believe it will have a negative impact on pensioners (34%) and people on middle (34%) or low incomes (39% - although 28% also believe it will be good for the least well-off).

(Ipsos MENA)

3 November 2021

 

Around Half Of Britons (50%) Say Migrant Numbers Over The Last 10 Years Have Been Too High

According to YouGov’s ‘most important issues’ tracker, immigration is once again among the top priority issues for the British public. Currently, 23% of Brits have ‘immigration and asylum’ in their top three most important issues facing the country today. This reached as high as 35% in August (overtaking the environment in the process), while in February this year the figure was as low as 15%.

(YouGov UK)

November 03, 2021

 

Only Half (51%) Of People Who Pay Their Household’s Energy Bills Know What The Energy Price Cap Is

Between gas and electric, tariffs and meter types, energy bills can be confusing. So confusing that only one-quarter of Britons (26%) say they “completely understand” how they are calculated, although 47% say they have some understanding. A fifth (21%), however, say they do not understand how the bills are calculated at all. However, among Britons who are responsible for their bills and regularly shop around for deals on their energy, 45% say they fully understand how the bills are calculated.

(YouGov UK)

November 03, 2021

 

76% Of People In England Say They Would Support A Policy Enforcing Masks Being Worn In Shops

YouGov polling last week found that the public would be receptive to such a change, with 76% of people in England saying they would support a policy enforcing masks being worn in shops. Yet when we ask about actual mask wearing, we find that, for instance, only half (49%) of English people who went to a shop in the preceding week say they wore a mask on every occasion. The first place to look is at the frequency of mask wearing. While 51% of the public did not wear a mask every time they visited a shop, just 20% never did so.

(YouGov UK)

November 09, 2021

 

 Just Over Half Of Britons (54%) Believe That Their Standard Of Living Will Remain The Same Over The Next Year

Ipsos MORI’s latest Political Monitor shows there are clear concerns for the public when it comes to the cost of living, with 9 in 10 expecting their monthly bills and other regular outgoings to rise next year (and over half thinking they will rise a lot),  around 8 in 10 believing inflation will rise and similar for the taxes they pay, and 7 in 10 saying mortgage interest rates will rise. Overall, just over half of Britons (54%) believe that their standard of living will remain the same over the next year, while 16% think it will rise and 28% expect it to fall. This is a similar picture to 2012, but more pessimistic than 2013-2015.

(Ipsos MORI)

10 November 2021

 

Public Thinks That Tory Politicians Are More Interested In Maintaining A Good Image For Themselves (56%) Rather Than Generating Action On Climate Change

A YouGov survey last month found that the general public was highly sceptical of politicians - only 13% thought those who call for action on the climate crisis are doing so out of a desire to see progress, while 68% thought they were doing it for a PR boost. A new survey asked Britons the same question, but specifically for Conservative, Labour, and Green Party politicians. Overall, the public thinks that Tory politicians are more interested in maintaining a good image for themselves (56%) rather than generating action on climate change. Another 45% think the same of Labour politicians.

(YouGov UK)

November 10, 2021

 

Two Fifths Of The Public (40%) Think Second Jobs Should Not Be Allowed At All

Boris Johnson was probably expecting to spend the last few days reaping the political rewards of the COP-26 climate conference. Instead, his government is embroiled in scandal, including a controversial vote on rules around MPs’ conduct, undeclared second jobs, and a Conservative MP working thousands of miles away from their constituency.   Despite this fallout, the public is still generally in favour of allowing MPs to hold second jobs (48%). However, this is mostly formed of people who think such jobs should be allowed only under certain circumstances (39%), with just 9% who think they should allowed without restriction.  

(YouGov UK)

November 12, 2021

 

(France)

48% Of 10-15 Year Olds Put Climate Change At The Top Of Their Fears For The Future

For the majority of them, childhood and entering adolescence is not a source of carelessness and hope. More than 1 in 2 young people say that the world of tomorrow will be worse off than it is today. Young girls are more pessimistic (59% against 54% for young boys). Even more worrying, those under 10-12 are almost as pessimistic as the older ones (54% against 58% of 13-15 year olds).

(Ipsos France)

8 November 2021

 

7 Out Of 10 French People Consider Themselves To Be Good Cooks (70%)

7 out of 10 French people consider themselves to be good cooks (70%). Conversely, 25% consider themselves to be bad, a figure drawn on the rise by men (33%).In addition, while 70% of the French population say they like to cook (74% of women vs. 64% of men), 1 in 3 people say they rarely have the time to do so (33%). Note: young people are those who lack the most time (50% of 18-34 year olds). In addition, more than half of respondents say that they often lack inspiration when preparing the meal (54%), a figure once again pulled up by 18-34 year olds (66%).

(YouGov France)
November 9, 2021

 

(Spain)

Despite An Increasingly Obvious Return To Normalcy, 40% Of Spanish Citizens Still Say That The Pandemic Will Impact The Way They Buy These Holidays

Globally, on average, 61% of respondents say they have faced a challenge in the purchases they have made recently, placing the price first, 23% say they have perceived an increase in prices in recent weeks. Second, we find the lack of stock of some products, mentioned by 20%, followed by issues such as queues too long to pay in physical stores (16%) and even something more typical of the pandemic such as feeling insecure in stores due to lack of social distance (12%).

(Ipsos Spain)

2 November 2021

 

NORTH AMERICA

(USA)

The Self-Employed Are Back At Work In Pre-Covid-19 Numbers, But Their Businesses Have Smaller Payrolls

The more than 150 million workers in the United States include about 16 million workers who identify as self-employed. They work for profit or fees in their own enterprises and are a representation of America’s small business owners. Many also create jobs for other workers, on the order of about 30 million in recent years. A new Pew Research Center analysis of government data finds that the COVID-19 recession, which curtailed business operations for public health reasons, had a similar impact on employment levels among both those who are and are not self-employed.

(PEW)

NOVEMBER 3, 2021

 

A Majority (62%) Of Hispanic Adults Say Having A Darker Skin Color Hurts Hispanics’ Ability To Get Ahead In The United States Today At Least A Little

A majority (62%) of Hispanic adults say having a darker skin color hurts Hispanics’ ability to get ahead in the United States today at least a little. A similar share (59%) say having a lighter skin color helps Hispanics get ahead. And 57% say skin color shapes their daily life experiences a lot or some, with about half saying discrimination based on race or skin color is a “very big problem” in the U.S. today, according to Pew Research Center’s National Survey of Latinos, a bilingual, national survey of 3,375 Hispanic U.S. adults conducted in March 2021.

(PEW)

NOVEMBER 4, 2021

 

Amid The Pandemic, A Rising Share Of Older U S Adults Are Now Retired

As of the third quarter of 2021, 50.3% of U.S. adults 55 and older said they were out of the labor force due to retirement, according to a Pew Research Center analysis of the most recent official labor force data. In the third quarter of 2019, before the onset of the pandemic, 48.1% of those adults were retired. In regard to specific age groups, in the third quarter of 2021 66.9% of 65- to 74-year-olds were retired, compared with 64.0% in the same quarter of 2019.

(PEW)

NOVEMBER 4, 2021

 

16% Of Americans Say They Have Ever Invested In, Traded Or Used Cryptocurrency

The vast majority of U.S. adults have heard at least a little about cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin or Ether, and 16% say they personally have invested in, traded or otherwise used one, according to a new Pew Research Center survey. Men ages 18 to 29 are particularly likely to say they have used cryptocurrencies. Overall, 86% of Americans say they have heard at least a little about cryptocurrencies, including 24% who say they have heard a lot about them, according to the survey of U.S. adults, conducted Sept. 13-19, 2021. Some 13% say they have heard nothing at all.

(PEW)

NOVEMBER 11, 2021

 

Among 9-Year-Old Students, Around Four-In-Ten (42%) Said In 2020 That They Read For Fun Almost Every Day, Down From 53% In Both 2012 And 1984

Among both age groups, the percentages who said in the 2019-20 school year that they “read for fun on [their] own time almost every day” were at their lowest points since the question was first asked in 1984, according to the survey, which was fielded among U.S. public and private school students before the COVID-19 outbreak. It is unclear whether the pandemic may have changed these patterns. Among 9-year-old students, around four-in-ten (42%) said in 2020 that they read for fun almost every day, down from 53% in both 2012 and 1984.

(PEW)

NOVEMBER 12, 2021

 

(Canada)

About Three-Quarters (74%) Of Canadians Visited A Social Networking Site In 2021, Up From 69% In 2020

Social media and influencer marketing are expected to play larger roles in marketing plans as part of a pandemic-accelerated shift to digital, with a net 70% of marketers estimating increased spend on social in 2022, according to the 15th annual Digital Marketing Pulse Survey released today by Ipsos Canada, the Canadian Marketing Association and strategy. More than nine in 10 (93%) marketers and agencies say they use social tactics always or often, even as people resume pre-pandemic behaviors.

(Ipsos Canada)

2 November 2021

 

AUSTRALIA

(New Zealand)

Support For New Zealand’s Labour/Greens Government Was Down 5% Points To 50% In October As Support For The Labour Party Dropped 6% Points To 39.5%

The governing parties are now only 6% points ahead of the Parliamentary opposition National/Act NZ/ Maori Party on 44%, up 3% points since September. The increase was driven by a rise in support for National, up by 3% points to 26%. Act NZ was unchanged at a record high of 16% and support for the Maori Party was unchanged at 2%.A small minority of 6% of electors support other minor parties outside Parliament with support for New Zealand First up 1% point to 2.5%, The Opportunities Party down 0.5% points to 1% and support for the New Conservative Party is at 1.5% in October.

(Roy Morgan)

November 01 2021

 

(Australia)

Australian Unemployment Increases To 9.2% In October – As Over 12 Million Australians Are Released From Long Lockdowns

The workforce in October was 14,339,000 (down 234,000) – comprised of 13,019,000 employed Australians (a decrease of 289,000) and 1,320,000 unemployed Australians looking for work (up 55,000). Australian employment dropped 289,000 to 13,019,000 in October driven by the decrease in part-time employment, down 379,000 to 4,281,000, the lowest for over a year since August 2020. In contrast, full-time employment increased by 90,000 in October to 8,738,000.

(Roy Morgan)

November 08 2021

 

MULTICOUNTRY STUDIES

Nearly Three Quarters (72%) Of The Scottish Public Believe That The Uk Is Already Feeling The Effects Of Climate Change, Compared With 67% Of The Uk Public

New analysis from two surveys by Ipsos MORI and the Climate Engagement Partnership, a collaboration between Ipsos MORI and the Centre for Climate Change and Social Transformations (CAST), shows that Scots are even more supportive of climate justice than our neighbours south of the border are. Seven in 10 Scots (70%) say it is right that developed countries who have contributed most to the climate emergency by producing the most carbon emissions should pay more to solve the problem, and only 13% disagree. Support for this is even higher in Scotland than it is in the UK overall, where 63% agree. 

(Ipsos MORI)

1 November 2021

Source: https://www.ipsos.com/ipsos-mori/en-uk/richer-countries-should-pay-more-tackle-climate-change-say-most-scots

 

No More Than Three-In-Ten Adults See The U S Military As The Best In The World: Survey Findings From 17 Advanced Economies

Americans don’t always see eye to eye with people in other societies over various dimensions of U.S. “hard” and “soft” power, according to a February Pew Research Center survey of the United States and 16 other advanced economies. While Americans see some aspects of U.S. power more positively than people elsewhere, they offer more negative views in other areas.

(PEW)

NOVEMBER 1, 2021

Source: https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2021/11/01/americans-differ-from-people-in-other-societies-over-some-aspects-of-u-s-hard-and-soft-power/

 

A Survey Of 17 Advanced Economies Highlights The Complexity Of America’s International Image

When asked to compare American technological innovations with those of other developed nations, respondents give the home of Silicon Valley favorable reviews. Across the 16 publics polled outside of the U.S., a median of 72% say U.S. technology is the best or above average. The U.S. is, of course, also home to Hollywood, and most of those surveyed give the U.S. high marks for its entertainment, such as movies, music and television. A median of 71% think American entertainment is the best or above average.

(PEW)

NOVEMBER 1, 2021

Source: https://www.pewresearch.org/global/2021/11/01/what-people-around-the-world-like-and-dislike-about-american-society-and-politics/

 

Almost Half (43%) Of The Global Population Across 17 International Markets Surveyed Follow A Social Media Influencer Of Any Type

YouGov’s International Gaming Report 2021 is a three-part series on the global gaming influencer landscape. Part 1 sizes the gaming influencer global fanbase across 17 international markets and reveals where these influencer followers sit within the global influencer sector as a whole. Data from the report shows that almost half (43%) of the global population across 17 international markets surveyed follow a social media influencer of any type, with UAE leading this space amongst all the surveyed markets (at 75%).

(YouGov MENA)
November 1, 2021

Source: https://mena.yougov.com/en/news/2021/11/01/young-males-uae-are-most-likely-follow-gaming-infl/

 

A Median Of 89% Across The 16 Non U S Publics Surveyed Describe Racial And Ethnic Discrimination In The U S As A Somewhat Or Very Serious Problem

Concerns about racial and ethnic discrimination are widespread in most of the 17 advanced economies surveyed by Pew Research Center this spring. Majorities of adults in 14 of these places say discrimination on the basis of race or ethnicity is a somewhat or very serious problem in their own society – including around three-quarters or more in Italy, France, Sweden, Germany and the United States. Only in Japan, Singapore and Taiwan do fewer than half say such discrimination is a serious problem.

(PEW)
NOVEMBER 2, 2021

Source: https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2021/11/02/more-people-globally-see-racial-ethnic-discrimination-as-a-serious-problem-in-the-u-s-than-in-their-own-society/

 

On Average, Across 29 Countries Over Half (56%) Say They Have Modified Their Consumer Behaviour Out Of Concern About Climate Change

On average, across 29 countries surveyed by Ipsos in September and October 2021, over half (56%) say they have modified their consumer behaviour out of concern about climate change over the past few years. This is down from an average of 69% in January 2020, when an identical question was asked in all but two of the 29 countries. On average globally, fewer than one in five (17%) now say they have made a lot of changes, two in five (39%) a few changes, and three in ten (31%) no changes at all.

(Ipsos Australia)

3 November 2021

Source: https://www.ipsos.com/en-au/climate-change-consumer-behaviour-2021

 

90% Of Brazilians Say That Many People Cannot Afford To Pay For Good Quality Healthcare

Global Health Service Monitor 2021 survey, carried out by Ipsos with 30 nations, points out. Respondents from Brazil showed widespread discontent with various aspects of access to the health system, such as its economic implications. 90% of local respondents say that many Brazilians cannot afford to pay for good quality healthcare. It is the highest percentage among all the countries analyzed. The global average is 58%. In addition, 7 out of 10 Brazilians (71%) believe that the country's health system is overloaded.

(Ipsos Brazil)

4 November 2021

Source: https://www.ipsos.com/pt-br/para-9-em-cada-10-brasileiros-populacao-nao-tem-condicao-de-pagar-por-saude-de-qualidade

 

Buying Sustainable Fashion Is Important For 2 Out Of 5 Europeans in 10 Countries

According to the new European Fashion Report 2021, the fashion industry ranks eighth among the sectors in which sustainability is most important to consumers. 42% of consumers in 10 European countries say it is important for them to buy ethical and ecological clothing. Italians (60%) and Spaniards (56%) are the ones who most agree with this statement, while Danes and Norwegians are the ones who least agree (24%) with this statement.

(YouGov Spain)
November 9, 2021

Source: https://es.yougov.com/news/2021/11/09/comprar-moda-sostenible-es-importante-para-cada-2-/

 

Global: Fan Interest In The T20 World Cup In Five Key Markets

Over half of South Africans also express the same level of interest in the event (56%). UAE comes in third with two in five consumers in the region (39%) stating their interest in the world event. UAE surpassing more established cricket markets like Australia and Britain could be partially explained by the huge population of South Asian expats in the region – as well as its host status. It should come as no surprise that India – one of the most cricket-crazy markets – leads the way. Seven in ten consumers in urban India (70%) say that the T20 World Cup is one of their top interests or that they are somewhat interested in the event.

(YouGov Australia)

November 10, 2021

Source: https://au.yougov.com/news/2021/11/10/global-fan-interest-t20-world-cup-five-key-markets/

 

Would You Be Willing To Eat Insects As Part Of Your Regular Diet; Survey Conducted In 17 Countries

YouGov survey conducted in 17 countries and regions shows how many people might be willing to make the shift. Topping the list are online Mexicans. Fully four in ten (40%) say they would be willing to eat food with insect ingredients as part of their regular diet, or are already doing so. Indeed, one in three (33%) say the same about eating whole insects. There is a long history of insect-eating in Mexico, which is home to more edible insect species than any other country in the world.

(YouGov Australia)
November 5, 2021

Source: https://au.yougov.com/news/2021/11/05/one-five-australians-say-theyre-willing-eat-insect/


 

ASIA

715-716-43-01/Polls

State Bank Of India Leads The Purchase Funnel Rankings In The Banking List With A Score Of 46.2

YouGov’s Finance Purchase Funnel Rankings 2021 reveal the financial services brands that are best at converting consumers through the purchase funnel. The Rankings are based on the Consideration score from YouGov BrandIndex among consumers who are Aware of each brand, over a period of 12 months. This allows us to show which brands are most successful at converting Aware consumers into ones that would consider the brand when next in-market. 

In India, State Bank of India leads the purchase funnel rankings in the banking list with a score of 46.2. The second and the third spots are taken by HDFC Bank and ICICI Bank with scores of 34.7 and 29.6 respectively. Similarly, Life insurance corporation of India, SBI life insurance and ICICI Prudential life insurance take the first three spots in the Life insurance list. In the general insurance list, SBI general insurance, HDFC ERGO general insurance and ICICI Lombard take the first three spots.

 

YouGov Finance Purchase Funnel Rankings 2021 in India: Banks

https://d25d2506sfb94s.cloudfront.net/cumulus_uploads/inlineimage/2021-11-03/Financepurchasefunnelrankings-TopRanked-lp-in-1.png

 

YouGov Finance Purchase Funnel Rankings 2021 in India: Life Insurance

https://d25d2506sfb94s.cloudfront.net/cumulus_uploads/inlineimage/2021-11-03/Financepurchasefunnelrankings-TopRanked-lp-in-2.png

 

YouGov Finance Purchase Funnel Rankings 2021 in India: General Insurance

https://d25d2506sfb94s.cloudfront.net/cumulus_uploads/inlineimage/2021-11-03/Financepurchasefunnelrankings-TopRanked-lp-in-3.png

 

The chart shows the brands with the highest Consideration score among the Aware audience between September 1st, 2020 to August 31st, 2021.

The rankings data is drawn from our daily brand tracking tool BrandIndex, which continuously measures the public’s perception of brands within the financial services sector around the globe. Want to know more? To see your brand’s ranking please click here and one of our experts will be in touch.  

(YouGov India)
November 8, 2021

Source: https://in.yougov.com/en-hi/news/2021/11/08/yougov-finance-purchase-funnel-rankings-2021-india/

 

715-716-43-02/Polls

4 Out Of 10 People Say They Will Get The Turkovac Vaccine When Ready To Use

4 out of 10 people say they will get the Turkovac vaccine when it is ready for use

While 37% of the society states that they will have the Turkovac vaccine, whose 3rd phase studies are ongoing, when it is ready for use, only 1 out of every 5 people states that they will not have it for the time being. The rate of those who are undecided about whether to have the Turkovac vaccine is 42%. As expected, those who do not have the Covid-19 vaccine are also negative about getting the Turkovac vaccine.

While Half of the Individuals Say They Would Prefer Biontech Vaccine If They Need To Get Vaccinated Again, the Ratio of Those Who Say They Will Have the Turkovac Vaccine 26%

In case of need to be vaccinated again, 52% of the society say that they will prefer the Biontech vaccine. This rate is 57% among individuals with the Covid 19 vaccine. The rate of preference of Turkovac vaccine among vaccinated people is 26%, as in total. 27% of individuals who have not been vaccinated so far state that they would prefer Turkovac if they need to be vaccinated. The preference rate of Biontech among this audience is only 17%.The Main Reason For Not Wanting To Get The Flu Vaccine This Year

According to the research carried out by the Ipsos research company; 38% of the people who stated that they will not have the flu vaccine this winter say that they are adequately protected due to the epidemic, and 18% say that they do not leave their homes due to the epidemic, so they think that the flu will not happen. The rate of those who do not plan to have the flu vaccine is 36% because they are worried that there will be a different interaction between the flu vaccine and this vaccine because it is a Covid 19 vaccine.

34% of People Considering Getting Flu Vaccine

With the arrival of the winter months, only 34% of individuals are considering getting the flu vaccine. 44% do not consider getting the flu vaccine. In unvaccinated people, this rate rises to 63%.The Proportion of Those Who Have At Least One Influenza Vaccination Until Today Is 42%

The rate of those who have had at least one flu vaccine in previous years is only 8% higher than the rate of those who are considering getting a flu shot this year. Among individuals who have not been vaccinated against Covid 19, the rate of those who have previously been vaccinated against influenza is still very low (17%).Ipsos Turkey CEO made the following evaluations about the data; The epidemic continues. Even if life seems to have largely returned to normal, the number of cases and casualties clearly shows that the epidemic continues. Since therapeutic drugs have not been produced yet, there is still no choice but to protect ourselves from the virus. One part is protected by vaccination, while another part tries to protect itself without vaccination. (I do not include those who say that the disease does not actually exist or those who do not feel the need to protect themselves)

Our country took its place in vaccine development studies with the Turkovac vaccine. We investigated the public's perspective on Turkovac, which is still in the testing phase. Approximately four out of ten people said that they can have Turkovac if it is ready for use. Those who clearly state that they will not have the Turkovac vaccine are 21%.

In order for the vaccines to maintain their protective properties, additional dose recommendations are made within the framework of various rules. Additional doses are intended to compensate for the decrease in antibody levels over time. When we questioned the additional dose preferences in comparison with Biontech, the striking finding we encountered was that Turkovac was preferred more than Biontech among the unvaccinated population.

Those who have been vaccinated stated that they would prefer Biontech for possible additional doses. The confusion of the population who has not yet been vaccinated and their attitude of staying away from the vaccine continues. A quarter of this population states that they will not be vaccinated from now on.

As winter begins to show its effect and we are all socializing more than last year, possible flu outbreaks are also on the agenda. We cannot say that the advice of experts for the flu vaccine has found a wide response in the society. Only one in three people considers getting the flu shot. In the population that has not been vaccinated against Covid-19, this rate drops to almost one in seven. A significant part of those who do not want to be vaccinated against the flu find it unnecessary because they think that the effort to protect against Covid-19 will also protect them from the flu. Another large group is concerned that the flu vaccine might have a different effect because they have the Covid-19 vaccine. Influenza vaccine is a method of protection that the majority of the society did not apply in the past. Especially among those who have not been vaccinated against Covid-19, the rate of those who have had the flu vaccine at least once in the past is only 17%. Another indication that this segment prefers to stay away from vaccines. Whatever it is, those who are fundamentally opposed to the vaccine are only 6%. It is hopeful information for us to reach the level of herd immunity.

(Ipsos Turkey)

1 November 2021

Source: https://www.ipsos.com/tr-tr/her-10-kisiden-4u-kullanima-hazir-oldugunda-turkovac-asisini-yaptiracagini-soyluyor

 

715-716-43-03/Polls

62% Of The Society Feels Like They Have Lost Their Social Circle

Social Lives of People Have Also Been Negatively Affected During the Pandemic Period

Individuals who find themselves in a changing social life with the epidemic seem to be adversely affected in this respect. 6 out of 10 people state that they feel like they have lost their social circle due to the coronavirus epidemic, and 7 out of 10 people state that their life has become monotonous due to this epidemic. Society Doesn't Pay Much Attention to Mask Distance Rules Anymore

Although the level of concern has increased due to the number of cases, it is thought that the social distance rule is no longer followed, although it is not thought very positively about the course of the struggle. Half of the individuals say that other people do not follow social distance at all, and 26% say that they rarely do. Although it is seen that they are a little more cautious about wearing masks, it is still thought that 46% of the society wear masks either at all or rarely. Anxiety Level of 46% of Individuals Increases

Ipsos Research Company; The fact that the number of cases and deaths in our country has not decreased for a long time in the coronavirus epidemic negatively affects the level of anxiety of the society. While only 8% of individuals state that the number of cases does not affect their level of anxiety, 46% say that their anxiety has increased. On the other hand, 34% say that they are always worried. Half of the Society Thinks The Fight Against Coronavirus Is Going Bad In Our Country

While 33% of the society thinks that the course of the fight against the coronavirus is going well, the rate of those who think that the fight is going bad is 48%.Society Is Not Very Hopeful About Its Future

74% of individuals think that the epidemic will continue in 2022, and 66% believe that they will encounter other epidemics from now on. Sidar Gedik, CEO of Ipsos Turkey: made the following evaluations about the data; Swiss psychiatrist Elisabeth Kübler-Ross, in her book “On Death & Dying” published in 1969, determined that people who encounter a terminal illness go through 5 emotional stages; denial, anger, bargaining, depression, and acceptance. David Kessler, who co-wrote the book "On Grief & Grieving: Finding the Meaning of Grief through the Five Stages of Loss" published in 2005 with Kübler-Ross, stated that these stages can also be adapted to the Covid-19 epidemic. Kessler made an analogy in an interview for the Harvard Business Review: “…there is denial: “The virus will not affect us. ” There is anger: “You keep me staying at home and you are taking away my activities.” There's a bargain: "Okay, if I social distancing for two weeks everything will be better, right?" There is depression: “I don't know when this will end.” And finally there is acceptance: “This is happening, I have to discover how to proceed.” The results of the 81st week of our Coronavirus Outbreak and Society survey reminded me of this classification. As we have been doing research for 81 weeks, it means that the epidemic has been affecting our country for 83-84 weeks. The results of the last week show that we, as a society, are between "depression" and "acceptance". The mask-distance measures, which were applied at a very high rate in the "Negotiation" stage, started to loosen as the cases and losses continued and as they passed to the "Depression" stage. While compliance with these measures was over 90% once, it has now decreased to 54% for masks and 24% for distance.

One out of every two people thinks that the fight against the epidemic is going badly. The rate of those who are worried exceeds 90%. An indication of the depressive feeling created by this situation is that two-thirds of the citizens think that their lives have become monotonous and that they have lost their social circle.

The fact that three out of every four people stated that the epidemic will continue in 2022 made me think that we have started to move to the “Acceptance” phase. In fact, two out of every three people expect to encounter other epidemics for the rest of their lives. As the time to defeat Covid-19 gets longer, epidemics are beginning to be accepted as a fact of our lives.

In the interview I mentioned, David Kessler states that he received approval from Kübler-Ross's family to add a new one to these five stages; "Meaning". "Those dark hours must have meant something," Kessler said. predicts that they will come to the point. Last week, 2 drugs were approved, and another giant step was taken to defeat the epidemic. This nightmare will be over! And I hope we can derive a "meaning" from all these experiences that we can pass on to future generations.

(Ipsos Turkey)

8 November 2021

Source: https://www.ipsos.com/tr-tr/toplumun-62si-sosyal-cevresini-kaybetmis-gibi-hissediyor

 

715-716-43-04/Polls

Population Density Increases By A Sweeping 57% Between 1998 And 2017, From 166 Persons Per Sq. Km In 1998 To 261 Persons In 2017

1) Overall Population Density (by administrative units) of Pakistan in 2017 revealed to be around 261 persons per square kilometer.

Population density is typically defined as the number of persons per square kilometer. In the year 2017, when the census was conducted, the population density of Pakistan was around 261 persons per square kilometer.

2) Comparison with 1998 Census shows that Pakistan’s population density in 2017 has increased by around 57% since 1998

Comparison with the 1998 Census shows that Pakistan’s population density has seen an increase (around 57%) from 166 persons per square kilometer in 1998 to 261 persons in 2017.

Figure 1 – Population Density by Administrative Units: 2017 vs 1998 Census

3) Rural-Urban Breakdown highlights how the difference between rural and urban areas with regards to population density has narrowed slightly between 1998 and 2017 (35% in

1998 and 27.2% in 2017)

As seen in Figure 2, in 1998, Pakistan’s rural population was recorded as 67.5% of Pakistan’s total population. However, this has seen a decline to around 63.6% in the 2017 census. On the other hand, when comparing Pakistan’s urban population, we can see that there has actually been an increase since 1998. Pakistan’s urban population was 32.5% of Pakistan’s total population in 1998 and in 2017, this increased to 36.4% of Pakistan’s total population.

Figure 2 - Rural-urban breakdown of Pakistan’s population density in 2017 vs 1998

4) Province-wise population density breakdown reveals Islamabad to have the highest population density (2211 persons per sq. km) while Balochistan comes in last place (36 persons per sq. km)

Data from the 2017 census shows that Islamabad has the highest population by a large margin, coming up to be around 2211 persons per square km. Amongst the provinces, Punjab has the highest population density of about 536 persons per square km, followed by Khyber Pakhtunkhwa at 409 persons, Sindh at 340 persons and Balochistan comes in last place with 36 persons per square km. FATA is recorded to have a population density of around 183 persons per square km.

Figure 3 – Province-wise Population Density Census 2017

5) How has population density changed since 1998 at provincial level? Highest increase in the number of persons per sq.km occurred in Islamabad, with an increase of 1,322 persons; lowest increase was observed in Balochistan (increase of 17 persons per sq. km)

When comparing province-wise population density between the census years, 1998 and 2017, a change can definitely be observed. In 1998, the population density of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa was around 238 persons per square kilometer and this increased to 409 persons by 2017 (an increase of 171 persons). The largest number of increase in persons per square km is seen to be in Islamabad, going from 889 persons in 1998 to 2211 in 2017, amounting to an increase of 1322 persons. Punjab went from 358 persons per sq.km in 1998 to 536 persons in 2017, an increase of 178 between the two years. In 1998, Sindh’s population density was around 216 persons per sq.km and increased by 124 to around 340 persons in 2017. Balochistan’s population density went from 19 persons per sq.km in 1998 to 36 persons in 2017 (increase of 17 persons). FATA saw an increase of 66 persons per sq. km from 117 persons in 1998 to 183 persons in 2017.

Figure 4 – Province-wise population density 1998 vs 2017

(Gallup Pakistan)

November 1, 2021

Source: https://gallup.com.pk/wp/wp-content/uploads/2021/11/GP-Big-Data-Census-2017-Vol-3-Population-Density-2.pdf

 

715-716-43-05/Polls

The Overall Electricity Availability To The Housing Units All Over The Country Has Increased By 17.41% Over The Last Two Decades

1) Overall Electricity Availability: The overall electricity availability to the housing units all over the country has increased by 17.41% over the last two decades (electricity was available to 70.46% of the housing units in 1998 and 87.87% of the housing units in 2017)

Electricity is one of the major sources of lighting or energy across Pakistan. According to the 2017 Census, electricity was available to 87.87% of the housing units all over the country as compared to 70.46% of the housing units in 1998 Census, indicating an increase of 17.41%. Figure 1 – Overall Electricity Availability in 1998 and 2017 (per housing units)

2) Rural-Urban Breakdown: Provision of electricity in the country has improved significantly (22.18% increase in provision of electricity to the housing units in rural areas and 3.95% increase in provision of electricity to the housing units in urban areas)

As per the 1998 census and 2017 census, the provision of electricity in both rural and urban areas have witnessed an improvement. Electricity availability increased from 60.07% of the housing unitsin 1998 to 82.25% of the housing units in 2017 in rural areas. Similarly, electricity availability increased from 93.14% of the housing units in 1998 to 97.09% of the housing units in 2017 in 70.46% 87.87% 1998 2017 Overall Electricity Availability in 1998 and 2017 3 urban areas. This amounts to an increase in availability of electricity by 22.18% and 3.95% for rural and urban areas respectively.

Figure 2 - Rural-Urban Breakdown 2017 vs 1998 Census: Electricity Availability (per housing units) 3) Sources of Lighting in 2017: Electricity appears to be the major source of lighting in 2017 with availability to 87.87% of the housing units across the country (other sources include kerosene oil, gas lamp and others)

According to the 2017 Census results, there are four main sources of lighting or energy identified: electricity, kerosene oil, gas lamps and others. Of these, electricity appears to be available for 87.87% of the housing units across the country. The 2017 Census reveals that kerosene oil is used by 3.67% of the housing units while gas lamps are utilized by 0.18% of the housing units; 8.28% of housing units all over the country used other sources of lighting. 60.07% 82.25% 93.14% 97.09% 1998 2017 Rural-Urban Breakdown Rural Urban 4

Figure 3 - Sources of Lighting in 2017 (per housing units)

4) Comparison with 1998 Census: The use of electricity and other sources of lighting increased over time while the use of kerosene oil decreased significantly from 27.87% of the housing units in 1998 to 3.67% of the housing units in 2017

When comparing the usage of different sources of lighting in both the 1998 census and 2017 census, it can be observed that there has been an improvement in the use of electricity and other sources of lighting while the use of kerosene oil has decreased significantly. Moreover, the use of electricity had increased from 70.46% of the housing units in 1998 to 87.87% of the housing units in 2017. Similarly, the use of other sources of lighting increased from 1.68% in 1998 to 8.28% in 2017. Furthermore, kerosene oil saw a decline in usage from 27.87% of the housing units in 1998 to 3.67% in 2017. Gas lamps were used by 0.18% housing units in 2017 but similar data for 1998 is unavailable.  

Figure 4 - Sources of Lighting in 1998 vs 2017 Census (per housing units)

5) Rural-Urban Breakdown by Sources of Lighting in 2017: Electricity was a major source of lighting in both urban and rural areas; kerosene oil, gas lamp and other sources were more abundantly used in rural settings (the usage for electricity was 82.25% for housing units, 5.32% for kerosene oil, 0.24% for gas lamps and 12.18% for other sources) in comparison to urban settings (the usage for electricity was 97.09% for housing units, 0.96% for kerosene oil, 0.08% for gas lamps and 1.88% for other sources)

Electricity as a source of lighting had 14.84% higher usage in the household units in the urban areas as compared to rural settings. The usage of other sources of lighting like kerosene oil, gas lamps and others were higher in the rural areas in comparison to the urban areas. For kerosene oil, 5.32% housing units in rural areas and 0.96% housing units in urban areas used it as an important source of lighting. Similarly, 0.24% housing units in rural areas and 0.08% housing units in urban areas used gas lamps to meet their energy needs. Other sources of lighting were utilized by 12.18% housing units in rural areas and 1.88% housing units in urban areas. 70.46% 27.87% 1.68% 87.87% 3.67% 0.18% 8.28% Electricity Kerosene Oil Gas Lamp* Others Sources of Lighting in 1998 vs 2017 Census 1998 2017 6

Table 1: Rural-Urban Breakdown: Sources of Lighting in 2017.

6) Comparison with 1998 Census: Electricity remained the primary source of lighting (60.07% of the housing units in 1998 and 82.25% in 2017 in rural areas and 93.14% in 1998 and 97.09% in 2017 in urban areas) while the use of kerosene oil dropped drastically in both urban and rural areas in 1998 and 2017 (from 38.07% of the housing units in 1998 to 5.32% in 2017 for rural areas and from 5.58% in 1998 to 0.96% in 2017 in urban areas)

In 1998 and 2017, electricity continued to be the primary source of lighting in both rural and urban areas. The statistics show that the percentage usage per housing units in rural settings was 60.07% in 1998 and 82.25% in 2017. These results are lower compared to the statistics from urban areas where there was 93.14% usage in 1998 and 97.09% usage in 2017. Moreover, dependency on kerosene oil decreased drastically over the years in urban and rural areas; it moved from 38.07% in 1998 to 5.32% in 2017 for rural areas and from 5.58% in 1998 to 0.96% in 2017 in urban areas. In addition, for other sources of lighting, the usage increased over two decades – from 1.86% to 12.18% in rural areas and from 1.28% to 1.88% in urban areas. Lastly, the use of gas lamps also decreased. 7

Table 2: Rural-Urban Breakdown: Sources of Lighting in 1998 vs 2017 Census.

(Gallup Pakistan)

November 11, 2021

Source: https://gallup.com.pk/wp/wp-content/uploads/2021/11/GP-Big-Data-Census-2017-Vol-5-Sources-of-Energy-7.pdf

 

AFRICA

715-716-43-06/Polls

53 Percent Nigerians Were Certain They Would Come Out And Vote For The Gubernatorial Candidate Of Their Choice

https://noi-polls.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/11/Anambra-State-gubernatorial-pre-election-poll.jpegAhead of the forthcoming Anambra State Gubernatorial elections slated for November 6th, 2021, a new public opinion poll conducted by NOIPolls has favored Professor Chukwuma Soludo, candidate of the All-Progressives Grand Alliance (APGA) in an early 11-point substantial lead over Valentine Ozigbo, candidate of the People Democratic Party (PDP).

The poll was conducted between 7th and 12th October 2021, and it sought to assess the preparedness of voters towards the forthcoming Governorship election in Anambra state. From the results of 500 randomly selected legible voters across all the LGA in Anambra state and interviewed via telephone: Professor Chukwuma Soludo polled 20 percent; Valentine Ozigbo polled 9 percent; Ifeanyi Patrick Ubah of YPP (7 percent); and Andy Nnamdi Uba of APC (6 percent) amongst other candidates.

https://noi-polls.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/11/Screenshot-2021-11-02-153713.png

Interestingly, the poll also revealed that while 91 percent of respondents claimed to have obtained their Permanent Voters Card (PVC), 53 percent were certain they would come out and vote for the gubernatorial candidate of their choice on 6th November 2021. However, despite this level of optimism and preparedness, a significant proportion (54 percent) of legible voters remain either undecided or simply refused to divulge their choice of candidate. In addition, the poll revealed that a significant proportion of legible voters (34 percent) are skeptical about coming out to vote in the forthcoming election mainly due to insecurities. 

Further findings indicated that while Professor Soludo appeared to enjoy significant support across the three senatorial districts of the state, Anambra North (20 percent), Anambra Central (22 percent) and Anambra South (20 percent); Ozigbo’s support base was observed mainly in Anambra North (16 percent) senatorial districts. Similarly, the poll highlighted Soludo’s support across all age categories ranging the working-class of ages 36 to 60 years (24 percent), the senior citizens aged 61 and above (21 percent) and the youths aged between 18 and 35 years (17 percent); compared to Ozigbo’s whose support averaged 10 percent across all age categories.

In conclusion, this poll has Soludo in an early lead for the November 6th governorship election in Anambra state with a significant 11-piont lead over the next candidate, Ozigbo. However, the forthcoming election remains a strongly contested race considering the significant proportion of voters (54 percent) who remain either undecided or seek confidentiality as to their choice of candidate meaning the results can still swing.

(NOI Polls)

November 2, 2021

Source: https://noi-polls.com/press-release-anambra-guber-pre-election-poll-soludo-in-early-lead-over-ozigbo/

 

715-716-43-07/Polls

8 In 10 Adult Nigerians Have No Health Insurance Cover

A new public opinion poll conducted by NOIPolls has revealed that almost 8 in 10 Nigerians (77 percent) do not have health insurance cover. In addition, 5 percent revealed that their healthcare services are paid for by family and friends. Further analysis by occupation revealed that artisans (93 percent), farmers and agricultural workers (91 percent), religious leaders (89 percent), self-employed traders (88 percent), businessmen and women (88 percent), Youth corps members (86 percent) and unemployed (84 percent) are among households and individuals that are paying out-of-pocket and incurring catastrophic health expenditure to access healthcare services in the country.

This simply suggests that coverage of health insurance has remained abysmal despite the National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) which was established in 2006 to achieve Universal Health Coverage (UHC) in Nigeria with financial risk protection mechanisms. Analysis by geographical location shows that health insurance coverage rates are highest in the North-West zone (24 percent) whereas it is lowest in the South-East zone (14 percent).

More findings revealed that 57 percent of adult Nigerians who pay out-of-pocket to access healthcare are willing to pay money monthly or yearly to get enrolled into the health insurance scheme. This further provides evidence that access is a major issue concerning health insurance across the country.

Therefore, there is a need for a determined and deliberate approach towards mass enrolment of Nigerians by relevant stakeholders as well as intensive sensitization as 47 percent disclosed that they are not aware of the National Health Insurance Scheme. This will go a long way in reducing the incidence of out-of-pocket payments and incurring catastrophic healthcare expenditures. These are some of the key findings from the poll conducted in the week commencing August 30th, 2021.

Survey Background

Universal health coverage is a global drive aimed towards ensuring that all people in the world have access to quality healthcare delivery they need, when and where they need them without undergoing financial hardship. However, it is saddening to note that a large percentage of the world population do not have access to affordable care due to a lack of health insurance coverage.

According to the World Health Organization, about 100 million people are pushed into extreme poverty each year because of out-of-pocket spending on health. The WHO data further states that 930 million people spend at least 10 percent of their household income on health care and to further buttress the lack of access to health care around the world, the statistics show that half of the world’s population do not have access to the healthcare they need.[1] There is indeed a  crisis of healthcare deliverable at an affordable cost to a larger percentage of the world populace.

In a bid to tackle access to healthcare in Nigeria at an affordable rate through health insurance, the Federal Government established the National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) under Act 35 of the 1999 constitution as amended to provide quality health care to all Nigerians at an inexpensive cost. They are to organise a payment structure where all contributors contribute to a common pool and all health expenses are paid from it thereof. By its statutory functions, it is expected to regulate the activities of the private arm of the health insurance policy of the government.[2]

How has the National Health Insurance scheme fared since its establishment to date? How has it bridged the gap of the absence of viable health insurance among the Nigerians? It remains to be seen if the average Nigerian has benefited in the area of quality healthcare insurance in the country since the establishment of the scheme. Also, what does the future hold for the health insurance policy in the country vis-à-vis the tackling of the growing gulf in the provision of affordable health care policy in the country? Against the background, NOIPolls conducted a public opinion poll to feel the pulse of Nigerians regarding health insurance in the country.

Survey Findings

The first question sought to find out the self-assessment of the health status of adult Nigerians and the findings show that 88 percent rated themselves healthy whereas 12 percent rated themselves as not healthy. Analysis by geographical locations indicates that the South-East and South-South zones (93 percent each) rated themselves better than other zones with regards to the self-assessment of their health status. In addition, more analysis by age group shows that young Nigerians (18 – 35) rated their health status better than the middle-aged (36 – 60) and the elderly (61+).

https://noi-polls.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/11/Health-Insurance-Chart-1.png

Trend analysis shows that the self-assessment of the health status of adult Nigerians is generally better in 2021 than in 2019 as indicated by a 1 percent increase in the chart below.

https://noi-polls.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/11/Health-Insurance-Chart-2.png

The second question sought to know what Nigerians do when they fall ill. The result revealed that the majority of adult Nigerians (87 percent) disclosed that they visit the hospital when ill and Nigerians residing in the North-West (97 percent) and North-East (96 percent) zones accounted for the larger proportion of Nigerians in this category.

On the contrary, 13 percent claimed that they do not visit the hospital when ill and respondents from the South-East (28 percent) and South-South (25 percent) zones had more people who made this assertion.

https://noi-polls.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/11/Health-Insurance-Chart-3.png

Trend analysis shows that there is no increase in the percentage of respondents who go to hospital between 2019 and 2021.

https://noi-polls.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/11/Health-Insurance-Chart-4.png

The respondents who claimed that they do not go to hospital were further probed and findings revealed that 44 percent visit a pharmacy when ill and this is predominant with Nigerians residing in the South-South zone (57 percent). Also, 39 stated that they visit a chemist when they are ill and Nigerians living in the North-East and South-South zones (57 percent each) had more respondents who made this assertion. Interestingly, 28 percent said that they self-medicate, while 9 percent mentioned that go to a traditional doctor when ill and this is mainly associated with respondents residing in the North-West (63 percent) and North-Central zones respectively. 

https://noi-polls.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/11/Health-Insurance-Chart-5.png

Furthermore, respondents who stated that they go to the hospital when ill were further probed and the poll result revealed a high utilization of public hospitals across the country as 71 percent of disclose that they visit the public hospital when ill. Analysis by gender revealed that there are more females (74 percent) than males (67 percent) who visit public facilities when ill. In addition, respondents aged 61 and above (83 percent) visit public facilities more than any other age-group as indicated in the chart below.

https://noi-polls.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/11/Health-Insurance-Chart-6.png

Significant findings from the poll show that a very high proportion of adult Nigerians (77 percent) pay out-of-pocket for healthcare services. A further 5 percent revealed that their healthcare services are paid for by family and friends.

On the other hand, only 18 percent of Adult Nigerians indicated that they have health insurance cover. This implies that health insurance has remained very low despite the National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) which was established in 2006 to achieve Universal Health Coverage (UHC) in Nigeria with financial risk protection mechanisms.

Analysis by geographical location shows that health insurance coverage rates are highest in the North-West zone (24 percent) whereas it is lowest in the South-East zone(14 percent).

https://noi-polls.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/11/Health-Insurance-Chart-7.png

Further analysis by occupation revealed that artisans (93 percent), farmers and agricultural workers (91 percent), religious leaders (89 percent), self-employed traders (88 percent), businessmen and women (88 percent), Youth corps members (86 percent) and unemployed (84 percent) are among households and individuals that are paying out-of-pocket and incurring catastrophic health expenditure to access healthcare services in the country.

Further analysis shows that government workers/ civil servants (51 percent), and professionals, mainly workers in private organizations, (30 percent) top the list of individuals who access health insurance in the country.  

https://noi-polls.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/11/Health-Insurance-Chart-8.png

Trend analysis shows a 3 percent increase in the proportion of people with health insurance cover when the current result is compared to the result obtained in 2019 as indicated in the chart below.

https://noi-polls.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/11/Health-Insurance-Chart-9.png

Respondents who stated that they access health insurance were further probed and findings revealed that the majority of the respondents (74 percent) access healthcare services through the NHIS. This assertion is prevalent with respondents who reside in the North-East zone (92 percent). Also, disaggregation by age group, shows that those aged 61+ and above (80 percent) use NHIS more than any other age group in the country.

With regards to private health insurance, 26 percent disclosed that they access care through private health insurance organizations and respondents residing in the South-South zone had more Nigerians (48 percent) who stated this.

https://noi-polls.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/11/Health-Insurance-Chart-10.png

Consequently, all respondents, asides those who indicated that they use NHIS, were asked if they are aware of the National Health insurance scheme (NHIS) and slightly above average (53 percent) of respondents acknowledged that they are aware of the scheme whereas 47 percent disclosed that they are not aware of NHIS. While respondents residing in the North-West zone (61 percent) showed more awareness, those in the South-South zone claimed not to be aware of the scheme.

https://noi-polls.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/11/Health-Insurance-Chart-11.png

Additionally, the poll ascertained the willingness of Nigerians who currently pay out-of-pocket to pay money monthly or yearly to access healthcare services whenever they need it. In response to this, 57 percent of the respondents disclosed that they are willing to pay money monthly or yearly to get enrolled into the health insurance scheme. With regards to  age-group, a majority of respondents aged 18 – 35 years indicated that they are willing.

On the other hand, 43 percent of the respondents stated otherwise and respondents residing in the south-East and South-South zones (63 percent each) had more respondents who made this assertion.

https://noi-polls.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/11/Health-Insurance-Chart-12.png

Respondents who expressed willingness to enroll for the scheme were further asked if they know how to go about getting enrolled in the health  insurance scheme. The result revealed that 11 percent stated that they know how to go about getting a health insurance cover whereas 89 percent claimed that they do not know how to go about it.

https://noi-polls.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/11/Health-Insurance-Chart-13.png

Conclusion

The poll found that 77 percent of respondents make out-of-pocket for healthcare. Too many Nigerians suffer financial hardships when they make catastrophic health expenditures. Evidence shows that some healthcare expenditures can push people further into poverty. A way to reverse this high out-of-pocket payment is for the government at all levels in Nigeria to accelerate the push for Universal Health Coverage. A quick way of achieving this is to increase health insurance coverage. It is gratifying that at least 7 Nigerian States have signed health insurance laws to help in achieving equitable and sustainable health financing mechanisms.[3] Functional State health insurance schemes will help increase the pool of individuals with health insurance thereby driving down premiums.

Finally, the poll shows an urgent need for interventions in the Nigerian health system to reduce the incidence of out-of-pocket health expenditure. The proportion of the population covered by financial risk protection in healthcare utilization is too low at 18 percent, compared to a benchmark of 90 percent for an efficient health system, and this reflects how far the country lags in the race toward universal health care coverage. High out-of-pocket rates are associated with low uptake of preventive health services, weak management of health care and raise the possibility that patients are too sick before they seek healthcare. The poor segment of the population would likely not seek healthcare because of the inability to pay, and this weakens the performance of the health system in terms of its ability to protect the weak.

(NOI Polls)

November 9, 2021

Source: https://noi-polls.com/health-insurance-poll-report-almost-8-in-10-adult-nigerians-do-not-have-health-insurance-cover-new-poll-reveals/

 

715-716-43-08/Polls

51% Of Malawians Say There Are More Factors That Divide Them Than Unite Them As A People

Malawians overwhelmingly reject a proposal to adopt a federal system of government as a

way of ensuring equitable distribution of development resources, an Afrobarometer analysis

shows.

At the same time, a majority of citizens say that their ethnic groups are treated unfairly by the

government and that communities that don’t vote for the ruling party suffer negative

consequences in terms of public services and development projects.

Based on findings from Afrobarometer’s most recent survey in Malawi, conducted in late

2019, fully half of citizens say there are more factors that divide them than unite them as a

people.

Key findings

▪ Malawians widely (78%) reject a proposed change to adopt a federal system of

government as a way to guarantee equitable distribution of development resources

(Figure 1).

o Although there are significant differences across regions (Figure 2) and party

affiliations, majority opposition to the proposal cuts across these divides.

▪ Half (51%) of Malawians say their ethnic groups are “sometimes,” “often,” or “always”

treated unfairly by the government – a perception that is considerably more

common in the North (65%) and Centre (62%) than in the South (35%) (Figure 3).

Support for federalism is 11 percentage points higher among respondents who feel

their ethnic group suffers unfair treatment (Figure 4).

▪ Fully half (51%) of Malawians say there are more factors that divide them than unite

them as a people. When it comes to ethnic vs. national identity, the largest number

(50%) identify equally with both, while smaller proportions identify predominantly or

only with their ethnic group (17%) or with their nation (33%).

o Federalism is more popular among Malawians who identify predominantly or only

with their ethnic group (29%) than among those who identify predominantly or

exclusively as Malawians (17%) (Figure 5).

▪ About six out of 10 Malawians (59%) believe that communities that do not vote for

the ruling party “sometimes,” “often,” or “always” suffer negative consequences,

such as lack of government support for local services or development projects. This

view is more widely shared in the Northern (76%) and Central (64%) regions than in

the Southern region (47%).

o Support for federalism is about twice as high among citizens who say that such

communities are “often” or “always” sanctioned (30%) than among those who

say this “never” happens (16%).

(Afrobarometer)

04 November 2021

Source: https://afrobarometer.org/sites/default/files/press-release/Malawi/news_release_malawians_see_inequalities_but_say_federalism_is_not_the_answer-afrobarometer-20oct21.pdf

 

715-716-43-09/Polls

Only About One In Three Malawians (36%) Think That China’s Economic Activities Have “Some” Or “A Lot Of” Influence On Malawi’s Economy

China is seen as an important economic player in Malawi, although its perceived influence

has declined considerably since 2014, according to Afrobarometer’s most recent survey (in

late 2019) in Malawi.

Citizens who consider China’s economic and political influence in their country positive

outnumber those who see it as negative. China’s low-cost products and infrastructure and

business investments are the main drivers of positive perceptions, while the poor quality of its

products is the main reason for negative views.

Among Malawians who are aware that their country receives loans or development

assistance from China, a majority think Malawi has borrowed too much from China.

Key findings

▪ Only about one in three Malawians (36%) think that China’s economic activities have

“some” or “a lot of” influence on Malawi’s economy, a decline from 59% in 2014

(Figure 1).

▪ Half (50%) of Malawians see China’s economic and political influence in their country

as positive; one in seven (14%) think it is negative (Figure 2). According to Afrobarometer’s 2014 survey, China’s low-cost products and its infrastructure and business investments are the main drivers of positive perceptions (Figure 3),  while

poor-quality products are the main reason for the negative assessments (Figure 4).

▪ Fewer than half (46%) of Malawians are aware that their country receives loans or

development assistance from China. Among those who are aware of Chinese

loans/assistance, a majority (56%) think Malawi has borrowed too much from China

(Figure 5).  

▪ In a comparison with other countries and organizations, China ranks fourth in

perceived influence in Malawi, behind the United States, South Africa, and the United

Kingdom (Figure 6).

▪ China ties with the United States as a development model preferred by Malawians,

trailing only South Africa (Figure 7).

(Afrobarometer)

04 November 2021

Source: https://afrobarometer.org/sites/default/files/press-release/Malawi/news_release-in_malawi_chinas_perceived_influence_is_on_the_decline-afrobarometer-20oct21.pdf

 

715-716-43-10/Polls

Less Than A Fifth (18%) Of Adult South Africans Indicated That They Think The Country Is Going In The Right Direction

A similar rather modest proportion indicated that their views of their personal safety are improving. These findings resonate with findings of pre-election studies done by Ipsos, on behalf of eNCA:

  • Registered voters do not think that their local authorities are working optimally
  • They want local authorities to focus on safety and security as a priority, and
  • They make recommendations about their “wish list” when it comes to local authorities

The local government election, which took place during a pandemic, was different from previous elections in many ways, however, it is interesting that the issues of voters are very similar to issues they brought to the fore on earlier occasions. Without a doubt the non-delivery on these issues contributed to the low election turnout (probably the lowest ever) and the relatively muted performance of the three biggest political parties in the country. For the first time since 1994, ANC support on a countrywide basis will fall under 50% - as predicted early on in the eNCA/Ipsos pre-election study.

Now that the election is (almost) done and dusted we need to draw a line in the sand to look at the ideas and priorities of voters going forward.

National issues and critical local issues

The graph overleaf illustrates the sensitivity of measuring public opinion on the Ipsos Khayabus – a large-scale study conducted twice a year. Clearly, political events in the country influence how citizens see the direction in which the country is heading. In November 2017, at the end of the second presidential term of Jacob Zuma, only 19% of adult South Africans felt that South Africa was going in the right direction.

With the election of Cyril Ramaphosa as president of the ANC and the country, the mood visibly lifted and in May 2018 four in every ten (40%) were more optimistic about the country’s direction.

As was clear from different news sources, the appeal of the so-called “new dawn” dwindled since then (as shown in the results) and during the election campaign (October 2021) only 18% was optimistic, while half of adult South Africans (50%) said that the country was going in the wrong direction.

As was clear from different news sources, the appeal of the so-called “new dawn” dwindled since then (as shown in the results) and during the election campaign (October 2021) only 18% was optimistic, while half of adult South Africans (50%) said that the country was going in the wrong direction.

Against this background, it should come as no big surprise that more than half (54%) of adults is of the opinion that local governments do not do their job well (Ipsos Khayabus study).

should come as no big surprise that more than half (54%) of adults is of the opinion that local governments do not do their job well (Ipsos Khayabus study)

The same study looks at 35 policy areas and test the public’s views of the government’s performance on these issues. Traditionally, the government’s performance is not remarkable, with most of the evaluations falling under 50% - i.e. less than half of adults (who are eligible to vote) think well of the government’s efforts on these terrains. The five issues highlighted below are not handled well, although they are important issues when it comes to “delivery”.

Traditionally, the government’s performance is not remarkable, with most of the evaluations falling under 50% - i.e. less than half of adults (who are eligible to vote) think well of the government’s efforts on these terrains

A focus on safety and security

While less than 3 in every ten adults (28%) think that the government is handling the maintaining of safety and security well in more general terms, they are also saying that their own personal safety can be in jeopardy, with only about a fifth (18%) seeing an improvement.

While less than 3 in every ten adults (28%) think that the government is handling the maintaining of safety and security well in more general terms, they are also saying that their own personal safety can be in jeopardy

In the eNCA/Ipsos pre-election surveys, registered voters were probed to choose the issue they wanted local governments to focus on first, from a list of three issues, namely:

  • Safety and security – chosen by 55%
  • Affordable services – chosen by 32%
  • Refuse removal and clean streets – chosen by 12%1

The opinions of registered voters in all provinces are summarised overleaf – in every province safety and security were chosen as the most important – although “affordable services” were also chosen by many. This does not mean that “refuse removal and clean streets” are not important, it only shows that other issues are more important, and needs to be attended to first.

in every province safety and security were chosen as the most important – although “affordable services” were also chosen by many

Views on the government’s handling of the pandemic

The 1 November local government election was the first election to happen during a pandemic, and many people were worried that the moving of the country to Alert Level 1 might have a negative influence and increase the opportunities for the spreading of the virus at party events, or in the queues at the voting stations. The full effect of this will only be known in a week or two. The Department of Health placed more than 1,000 vaccination clinics at voting stations and, according to anecdotal evidence, these have been attended well on Monday.

But what are the current opinions of South Africans about the handling of the pandemic by the government?

Three related issues were probed:

When this performance is compared to that of the government on other areas of interest, it is going relatively well, although the performance on none of the three Covid-19 issues can be described as superb

When this performance is compared to that of the government on other areas of interest, it is going relatively well, although the performance on none of the three Covid-19 issues can be described as superb.

After the elections, the focus should move again to curbing the effects and the spread of the virus and actively work on a programme and campaign to convince more citizens to get vaccinated, perhaps by focusing stronger on the benefits of vaccination.

Specific expectations from local councils

According to Ipsos Khayabus results, only a quarter (26%) of adult South Africans are currently satisfied on how government is performing.

Moving the focus to the ruling party, who needs to be at the front of addressing issues mentioned by voters, just more than a third (35%) indicated that they trust government to deliver effective basic services to the public. It might be a long uphill battle for many local councils to achieve this goal, if reports by the Auditor General about the efficiency of local government are taken into account.

more than a third (35%) indicated that they trust government to deliver effective basic services to the public

One can well ask where this huge task of delivery should start...

Based on the findings of the eNCA/Ipsos pre-election studies, a list focusing on “Service Delivery” issues and on “Fair and Equal Treatment” as the two main categories, have been put together. The six issues listed below are a synthesis of what became clear from the pre-election surveys which focused on registered voters.

list focusing on “Service Delivery” issues and on “Fair and Equal Treatment” as the two main categories, have been put together

(Ipsos South Africa)

4 November 2021

Source: https://www.ipsos.com/en-za/party-over-urgent-delivery-key

 

715-716-43-11/Polls

Three-Fourths (76%) Of South Africans Say The Government Should Prioritize The Provision Of Adequate Housing Over Land Redistribution

Most South Africans say the government has a duty to provide adequate housing for people who cannot afford shelter, the latest Afrobarometer survey shows.

Housing should take priority over land redistribution as a government priority, according to a large majority of citizens,

Housing ranks third among the most important problems that citizens want the government to

address.

Frustrations over a lack of housing have found expression in recent protests in many communities across the country.

Key findings

▪ Housing ranks third among the most important national problems that South Africans want

their government to address, trailing only unemployment and crime/security (Figure 1).

▪ An overwhelming majority (86%) of citizens say the government has a duty to provide

adequate housing for South Africans who cannot afford shelter (Figure 2). More than half

(55%) of respondents feel “strongly” about this issue.

▪ Three-fourths (76%) of South Africans say the government should prioritize the provision of adequate housing over land redistribution (Figure 3).

▪ If the government provides housing for citizens who cannot afford shelter, almost half (45%) of respondents say such housing should be built in rural areas. But even more would place such housing in or near central business districts (28%), on the outskirts of urban centers (11%), or in the suburbs (11%) (Figure 4).

(Afrobarometer)

9 November 2021

Source: https://afrobarometer.org/sites/default/files/press-release/South%20Africa/news_release-south_africans_say_government_should_prioritize_housing-afrobarometer-9nov21.pdf

 

WEST EUROPE

715-716-43-12/Polls

Women Feel Less Safe Walking Home Alone At Night Than In 2018

Recent high profile murders of young women, particularly that of Sarah Everard, have shocked the nation, and eroded public confidence in the police. Now a new YouGov survey shows that they have likely contributed to greater fears among women for their own safety.

Almost three years ago, in December 2018, YouGov asked Britons how often they felt unsafe in a variety of situations. A repeat of that survey now shows that women are more likely to feel unsafe than they were in 2018, particularly when it comes to walking alone at night.

Approaching two thirds of women who ever walk alone outdoors at night say they “always” or “often” feel unsafe when doing so. This is an increase of 17pts from 46% who said the same three years ago.

https://d25d2506sfb94s.cloudfront.net/cumulus_uploads/inlineimage/2021-11-01/Women%20feel%20less%20safe%202021-01.png

This figure also excludes the fact that one in five women (19%) don’t ever walk alone at night in the first place – a number twice as high as men (9%). There is, however, no real increase in the number of women not venturing outdoors at night since the previous poll (18%).

The number of women who report taking regular steps to protect themselves from sexual assault has also risen. In 2018 a third of women (32%) said they take precautions; this figure now stands at 41%.

More women expressed more frequent fear about other common activities, including walking down an alley alone (up from 49% to 63% among those who ever do so) and going on a first date (up from 15% to 28%).

In all cases, women are substantially more likely than men to say that they find themselves afraid in what should be innocuous everyday situations.

 

 

(YouGov UK)

November 01, 2021

Source: https://yougov.co.uk/topics/lifestyle/articles-reports/2021/11/01/women-feel-less-safe-walking-home-alone-night-2018

 

715-716-43-13/Polls

Polling About Rishi Sunak’s Recent Budget Shows Two In Five Think It Will Be A Good Thing For People On High Incomes (38%)

Ipsos MORI’s latest online polling about Rishi Sunak’s recent Budget shows two in five think it will be a good thing for people on high incomes (38%), and a third that it will help big businesses (35%). On the other hand, a third or more believe it will have a negative impact on pensioners (34%) and people on middle (34%) or low incomes (39% - although 28% also believe it will be good for the least well-off).

Only one in eight (13%) report following news about the Budget “very closely”, although another two in five say “fairly closely” (41%). This leaves another two in five who followed it not very closely (30%) or not closely at all (13%).

When we ask those who followed the Budget to tell us in their own words what announcement most caught their attention the most common policies mentioned are the increase in minimum wage (12% of those who followed the Budget), cuts in alcohol and tobacco duty (9%) and changes to Universal Credit (8%). However, even these are only mentioned by a minority, with two in five (39%) saying they don’t know or nothing.

Attention

Overall, public opinion is divided on how the Budget went for Rishi Sunak with one in three (32%) thinking it went well for the Chancellor, whilst a fifth (21%) say badly and a third neutral (32%).

The Conservatives fare similarly with three in ten (29%) saying it went well for the party, and nearly one in four thinking poorly (23%). Whereas the Labour party performs less well with a fifth saying it went well (20%), compared to nearer a quarter (24%) believing it went badly. However, a larger proportion say it went neither well nor badly (39%) for Keir Starmer’s party.

Performance

Elsewhere the public are also divided on the impact Budget announcements will have on regions in North England (24% say it will be a good thing vs. 25% a bad thing), young people (24% vs. 30%), small business owners (25% vs. 27%) and regions in South England (25% vs. 16%).

Looking forward, one in four (24%) believe Rishi Sunak will change Britain’s economy for the better (24%), whilst three in ten say he will make it worse (30%) and a similar proportion think he will make no difference (29%). Only a fifth (21%) think he has bettered country’s economy already (21%), whilst around three in ten say he has made it worse (31%) or no difference (33%).

Reflecting this, a third (32%) believe Britain’s economy will recover more slowly than those of most other countries as Coronavirus restrictions have been eased (up three percentage points since May 2020), and a similar proportion say it will recover at the same rate (-9pts). Only one in five (20%) say it will recover more quickly than most other economies, however, this is up from 13% in May 2020.

Gideon Skinner, Head of Political Research at Ipsos MORI, said:

Of course the implications of the Budget go beyond the immediate reaction from public opinion, but nevertheless it is instructive to see what sticks in the public mind. Only half say they followed news about it fairly closely (although this is better than the attention paid to the recent party conferences), and even among those who claim they did many are unable to name a policy that stuck in their mind. However, the Chancellor may be pleased that the ones that did were about the minimum wage, alcohol and tobacco duty, and Universal Credit – but he has more of a task to convince the majority that he will be able deliver an economic recovery that benefits all sections of society.

(Ipsos MENA)

3 November 2021

Source: https://www.ipsos.com/ipsos-mori/en-uk/autumn-budget-what-policies-did-britons-notice

 

715-716-43-14/Polls

Around Half Of Britons (50%) Say Migrant Numbers Over The Last 10 Years Have Been Too High

According to YouGov’s ‘most important issues’ tracker, immigration is once again among the top priority issues for the British public. Currently, 23% of Brits have ‘immigration and asylum’ in their top three most important issues facing the country today. This reached as high as 35% in August (overtaking the environment in the process), while in February this year the figure was as low as 15%.

Meanwhile, views on the government’s handling of immigration as a policy issue have also been on the move, with the public increasingly unimpressed at Boris Johnson’s handling of this controversial subject. Dissatisfaction with the government is very high, with 71% of Brits in our latest poll indicating they believe Johnson’s government are handling immigration badly. That figure has now been at 70% or above since late July.

But what is it precisely that Britons are concerned about regarding immigration? Does an increase in issue importance and increasingly negative view of the government’s track record mean that Brits want to see reductions in immigration and asylum? Or have recent stories of shortages in goods, labour, and fuel caused a rise in concern that the government’s immigration policy is too restrictive?

Despite some very high profile events in recent years, public attitudes toward immigration numbers have remained fairly steady. Currently, around half of Britons (50%) say migrant numbers over the last 10 years have been too high. One in ten (10%) say numbers are too low, which is a small but notable increase on attitudes for most of the last two years. One in four (25%) consider immigration levels over the past decade to have been “about right”.

So it is clear that Brits do not want to see more immigration in general, but there is no evidence that rising dissatisfaction with government handling of immigration and rising concern with immigration and asylum as a policy is being caused by an increasing desire to see the number of foreigners entering Britain reduced. If anything, the opposite mood is growing.

What do Brits think about specific cases or types of immigration and asylum – are there any clues in the details about what is driving concern and dissatisfaction?

With well documented problems surrounding supply of food, petrol and diesel, seasonal labour issues being linked to Brexit and the Covid-19 pandemic, and the recent crisis in Afghanistan hitting headlines across the world, YouGov has asked the public a range of questions over recent weeks about their specific concerns about immigration and asylum.

On the topic of asylum, our data shows that half of Britons (51%) support the resettlement of at least ‘a few thousand’ Afghan refugees in Britain, including one in three (32%) who believe at least ‘a few tens of thousands’ should be allowed to come and 9% who support the resettlement of ‘a few hundreds of thousands’. Just 13% believe no Afghan refugees should be welcomed into the UK.

We also asked the British public if they would support a government programme aimed to filling UK job shortages with immigrant workers. A majority (51%) suggested they would indeed support such a policy, with one in four (24%) opposed.

Furthermore, we also found that the public tends to have positive views of migrants coming to the UK to work (by a margin of 41% positive to 27% negative), reunite with their families (40% positive versus 22% negative), or to set up businesses (51% positive versus 13% negative).

On the other hand, the British public do not have a favourable view of those crossing the English Channel to get to the UK. By a margin of 56% to 19%, Britons take a negative view of those arriving in this way, demonstrating a clear distinction in the public eye regarding the circumstances by which migrants arrive in the UK.*

Finally, earlier this month we asked respondents who told us they thought the government was handling immigration badly why – in their own words – they thought this was the case.

Of those who think that Boris Johnson’s government are doing badly on immigration, about one in four (23%) told us that they thought that because of ongoing problems with supply chains, food shortages, and the fuel crisis. A further 8% suggested that the government’s immigration policy was incompetent (simply not working), without mentioning the above issues.

Around one in five (22%) suggested that the government should be doing more to reduce immigration. One in eight (12%) mentioned the ongoing English Channel refugee crisis in negative terms, while a similar proportion (9%) suggested that the government’s currently policy on immigration was inhumane, discriminatory, or unfair.

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Elsewhere, 10% framed their response in terms of general negativity toward the government and their policymaking. Another 8% suggested their problems were with illegal immigration.

The data suggests that while issues surrounding immigration and asylum, and the government’s handling of them, have taken on a greater importance to the public recently, it is not necessarily the case that this is driven by a desire to see less immigration or to prevent more people arriving on Britain’s shores.

It rather suggests that topical news items around asylum and the impact of lack of migrant labour on the British economy is causing concern among the public that the government is not striking the balance – or gauging the public mood on allowing foreign citizens to come and live and work in the UK – correctly.

*Note that responses do not change if we ask the public about refugees or migrants crossing the channel. When we repeated the same question but switched the wording to ask “For each of the following groups of people, please indicate if, generally speaking, you have a positive or negative view: Refugees crossing the English channel to get to the UK”, we found 59% ‘negative’ and 17% ‘positive’.

(YouGov UK)

November 03, 2021

Source: https://yougov.co.uk/topics/politics/articles-reports/2021/11/03/what-concerns-british-public-about-immigration-pol

 

715-716-43-15/Polls

Only Half (51%) Of People Who Pay Their Household’s Energy Bills Know What The Energy Price Cap Is

Rishi Sunak has announced a £500m fund to help families struggling this winter, as a surge in gas prices drives up household energy bills. The price rises have spurred many to shop for a better deal on their bills if there is one to be had at all, but how well do Britons actually understand their energy bills?

A fifth of Britons don’t understand how energy bills are calculated

Between gas and electric, tariffs and meter types, energy bills can be confusing. So confusing that only one-quarter of Britons (26%) say they “completely understand” how they are calculated, although 47% say they have some understanding. A fifth (21%), however, say they do not understand how the bills are calculated at all.

Even among those who are jointly or solely responsible for their household bills, only three in ten say they fully understand how the payments are determined. However, among Britons who are responsible for their bills and regularly shop around for deals on their energy, 45% say they fully understand how the bills are calculated.

Around half of those with responsibility for their household gas and or electric bills (51%) say they have some understanding of how the bills are calculated. One in six (16%) Britons with responsibility for both the energy bills have no idea how they are determined at all.

Confusion over bills is highest among those aged 18-24, with only 51% claiming some knowledge of how their household bills are calculated – including only 9% saying they completely understand them, However, this group is also much less likely to be responsible for these bills compared to other age groups (34%, versus 89% of those 55 and over).

Are Britons missing out on deals on their energy?

This lack of understanding may ultimately be costing Britons money. While a third (33%) of the general public regularly shops around for deals on their energy this rises to nearly half among those who say they completely understand how their household bills are calculated (47%). However, of those who don’t understand their bills, less than one in five (18%) regularly look for the best value deals.

A third of Britons who say they don’t understand how their household bills are worked out have never shopped around for a better deal (35%) compared to only 13% of those who claim a good understanding.

What does the energy price cap mean?

One term used frequently in news reports about the rising cost of utilities is the “energy price cap” and with a significant proportion of Brits unsure how their bills work, do they know what this term means?

Around half (51%) of people correctly identified that the energy price cap is the maximum price companies can charge consumers per unit of energy used. Some 49% of Brits didn’t know or were wrong: 23% incorrectly think the term means the total bill a household could receive, 2% think it means something else entirely, and 24% don’t know either way.

Even among those jointly or solely responsible for their household bills, only 55% among those paying electricity and or gas bills knew the correct meaning of the term.

(YouGov UK)

November 03, 2021

Source: https://yougov.co.uk/topics/economy/articles-reports/2021/11/03/do-britons-understand-how-their-energy-bills-are-c

 

715-716-43-16/Polls

76% Of People In England Say They Would Support A Policy Enforcing Masks Being Worn In Shops

While the government remain reluctant to introduce ‘Plan B’ measures in England this winter, we may see the return of compulsory masks in shops and public transport. YouGov polling last week found that the public would be receptive to such a change, with 76% of people in England saying they would support a policy enforcing masks being worn in shops.

Yet when we ask about actual mask wearing, we find that, for instance, only half (49%) of English people who went to a shop in the preceding week say they wore a mask on every occasion. There is clearly a gulf between desire for policy change and personal action.

So why is there such a difference? And is it likely that people can be encouraged to put their masks back on?

The first place to look is at the frequency of mask wearing. While 51% of the public did not wear a mask every time they visited a shop, just 20% never did so.

Most of this group is in fact made up of shoppers who wore a mask either most of the times they went out (19%) or occasionally (12%). Therefore the majority of those who are seen not wearing masks while shopping haven’t abandoned the concept completely, as they do at least sometimes wear one.

This group are also much closer in their views on mandatory mask wearing to those who wore one every time they went shopping than those who never did.

Almost everyone who wore a mask without fail when they went shopping (96%) supports bringing back the requirement to wear masks in shops, as do 82% of those who wore a mask on some shopping visits. By contrast, just 26% of those who didn’t wear a mask at all in the week prior support reintroducing the rule, with 69% opposed.

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Why aren’t Britons wearing face masks?

Asking those who didn’t always wear a mask on every shop visit to tell us – in their own words, why they didn’t reveals key differences in attitude depending on whether the person supports or opposes the re-introduction of masks.

Amongst those who support bringing back masks, the main reason given for not wearing one is that they had forgotten it or didn’t have one with them at the time (43%). Other top reasons provided by this group were because others weren’t wearing one (11%), or they felt they were able to keep their distance from others instead (11%).

None of these three reasons indicate that this group would refuse to wear masks on every shop visit were it to become compulsory again. In fact, it largely suggests that people have just become more relaxed about their mask wearing.

"The harder group to convince are those who did not wear a mask at all in the last seven days and oppose the policy. The most common answer for not wearing a mask amongst these people is because it is no longer mandatory (27%), suggesting that were there a rule change they may start wearing again (albeit begrudgingly). The next most common reasons imply stronger anti-mask sentiment, however, including because masks don’t work (19%), they don’t like wearing them (13%) or general comments suggesting that they do not feel the need to (14%). 

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All of this suggests that a great deal of people would return to always wearing masks should the government tell them they have to once again.

Historical precedent suggests the same. Back in July 2020, prior to masks becoming compulsory, YouGov saw a similar gap between support and personal action. Just before the rule change only 38% were wearing masks, despite 80% supporting a policy to make it compulsory in shops. By the second week of August (just a few weeks after the rule change) mask wearing had risen to 75%.

YouGov survey conducted just prior to the rules change had, as with this month’s study, suggested that the reasons for not wearing masks were soft, rather than a hard opposition to them in principle.

The government still says it “expects and recommends” people continue wearing face masks indoors. Many social problems are complex, expensive and difficult to solve. For the most part, mask compliance is none of these. The evidence strongly suggests that, if it wants more people to wear masks, the best thing the government can do is simply tell them to.

(YouGov UK)

November 09, 2021

Source: https://yougov.co.uk/topics/health/articles-reports/2021/11/09/people-support-masks-so-why-arent-they-wearing-the

 

715-716-43-17/Polls

 Just Over Half Of Britons (54%) Believe That Their Standard Of Living Will Remain The Same Over The Next Year

Ipsos MORI’s latest Political Monitor shows there are clear concerns for the public when it comes to the cost of living, with 9 in 10 expecting their monthly bills and other regular outgoings to rise next year (and over half thinking they will rise a lot),  around 8 in 10 believing inflation will rise and similar for the taxes they pay, and 7 in 10 saying mortgage interest rates will rise.

Overall, just over half of Britons (54%) believe that their standard of living will remain the same over the next year, while 16% think it will rise and 28% expect it to fall. This is a similar picture to 2012, but more pessimistic than 2013-2015. Women are more likely than men to say that their standard of living will fall (25% vs. 31%) as are older people – 33% of those aged 55+ said it would fall compared with 19% of 18–34 year-olds.

New findings from the poll also include:

  • Individuals are a bit more optimistic when it comes to their household income. Three in ten (31%) predict it will rise compared with 18% who think it will fall. Half (49%) think it will not change.
  • Nine in ten (90%) think their monthly bills and other regular outgoings will rise in the next year with more than half (56%) thinking it will be by a lot – 7% think they will stay the same and 2% think they will fall.
  • Three-quarters (77%) think the taxes that they pay will rise (29% say by a lot) – 18% think they will stay the same while 2% think they will fall. On this measure young people are more likely to expect a rise than older people (85% of 18-34s vs 69% of those aged 55+).
  • Just over 7 in 10 (73%) expect both monthly bills and the tax they pay to rise over the next year.
  • Many also believe inflation will rise. A large majority (82%) think it will rise over the next year (38% saying a lot) with just 4% saying it will fall. This is significantly higher than the period between 2012-2015 when its highest point was 56% in December 2012 thinking inflation would rise.
  • The public also expect mortgage interest rates to go up in the next year with 70% saying they will rise and 10% thinking they will stay the same (4% think they will fall). Again, this is higher than the 2012-2015 period, when at most 60% believed interest rates would rise.
  • Two in five (39%) think unemployment will rise in the next year while a third (34%) think it will fall. A quarter (24%) think it will stay the same. This is though more optimistic than between 2012-13.

Predictions

Meanwhile, there remains low levels of optimism for economic recovery in the next year with the survey showing more than half (54%) thinking the British economy will get worse over the next 12 months, 28% saying it will improve, and 17% saying it will stay the same, giving a net Economic Optimism Index of -26.

Gideon Skinner, Head of Politics at Ipsos MORI, says of the findings:

While much of the focus has been on standards in public life, these figures are a reminder that for the public worries about the economy and cost of living are likely to be just as if not more important. Nearly all are expecting monthly bills to rise, and a majority think they will rise a lot – especially women and older people. Meanwhile, concerns about rising inflation and interest rates are even higher than on average during the 2012-2015 period (although there is a bit more optimism about unemployment), as are worries about standards of living – although most think this is likely to stay the same. This is all against a backdrop of more general economic pessimism since the summer, suggesting this will be a priority for the Government looking ahead.

(Ipsos MORI)

10 November 2021

Source: https://www.ipsos.com/ipsos-mori/en-uk/public-expects-rise-cost-living-while-optimism-economic-recovery-remains-low

 

715-716-43-18/Polls

Public Thinks That Tory Politicians Are More Interested In Maintaining A Good Image For Themselves (56%) Rather Than Generating Action On Climate Change

Demands for action on the climate crisis have continued to mount since the beginning of COP-26 last week. Former Labour leader Ed Miliband has called on the summit to ensure large companies are not let off the hook by a focus on “long-term goals”. Elsewhere, prime minister Boris Johnson has said that countries must meet promises made on fighting climate change

However, a YouGov survey last month found that the general public was highly sceptical of politicians - only 13% thought those who call for action on the climate crisis are doing so out of a desire to see progress, while 68% thought they were doing it for a PR boost.

A new survey asked Britons the same question, but specifically for Conservative, Labour, and Green Party politicians. Overall, the public thinks that Tory politicians are more interested in maintaining a good image for themselves (56%) rather than generating action on climate change. Another 45% think the same of Labour politicians.

The public tends to see Green Party politicians as being genuine, however. Half (48%) think their calls for climate action come from wanting to see change, while 22% of people think they too are more interested in their image.

Conservative voters are more sceptical of Conservative politicians than Labour voters are of Labour politicians  

Among those who voted Conservative in the 2019 general election, some 47% think their party’s representatives who call for climate measures are only doing so to maintain their personal public image. Only a quarter of Conservative-voting Britons think that Tory politicians who do so want to generate positive action on the climate crisis.

Labour voters, on the other hand, are split when it comes to their own side. A third (34%) think Labour politicians calling for climate measures are doing so to bolster their own reputation and image. Another 37% think Labour politicians who do so are actually trying to generate action on the issue.

(YouGov UK)

November 10, 2021

Source: https://yougov.co.uk/topics/politics/articles-reports/2021/11/10/do-voters-think-their-own-politicians-who-call-cli

 

715-716-43-19/Polls

Two Fifths Of The Public (40%) Think Second Jobs Should Not Be Allowed At All

Boris Johnson was probably expecting to spend the last few days reaping the political rewards of the COP-26 climate conference. Instead, his government is embroiled in scandal, including a controversial vote on rules around MPs’ conduct, undeclared second jobs, and a Conservative MP working thousands of miles away from their constituency.  

Despite this fallout, the public is still generally in favour of allowing MPs to hold second jobs (48%). However, this is mostly formed of people who think such jobs should be allowed only under certain circumstances (39%), with just 9% who think they should allowed without restriction.  

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Two fifths of the public (40%) think second jobs should not be allowed at all. While opposition is higher among Labour supporters (42%) than Conservatives (31%), at least half of each voting group (52% of Labour voters and 63% of Conservatives) say second jobs should be allowed to some extent.  

It has also been suggested that MPs should be banned from second jobs, with the caveat that their basic salary would be upped to make up the difference.  

Some six in ten Britons (62%) would oppose such a move, however, including over half of Conservative voters (55%) and nearly seven in ten Labour (69%) voters. A quarter of Conservative voters (27%) would be in favour, as would 18% of Labour supporters.  

A separate YouGov survey earlier this week also found 63% of Britons opposed to MPs taking on work outside of parliamentary duties regardless of pay changes.  

Nor do Britons seem to see a need to increase MPs’ pay whether or not second jobs are involved. Half of Britons (50%) think the standard MP salary of £81,932 is already too high, while around a third (34%) think it is about right. Only 7% of the public think it is too low.  

Conservative voters are divided on the issue: 39% say the current MP salary is too high while 40% think it is right. Among Labour voters, 49% think MPs are paid too much, compared to 41% who think the current pay packet is about right.  

Is the current government really any more corrupt than those that came before?  

Boris Johnson has fought back against the cries of sleaze and corruption by claiming the UK is "not remotely a corrupt country".  

According to a separate YouGov survey from earlier this week, four in five Britons (80%), including 74% of Conservative voters, disagree, saying that there is a “a lot” or “a fair amount” of corruption in British politics. 

When it comes to Johnson himself, nearly two fifths (39%) think he is more corrupt than his predecessors – including one in ten Conservative voters (10%). 

Another 44% of the public, and 71% of his own voters, say that Johnson is not better nor worse than earlier prime ministers. Only 6% of the public and 12% of Conservative voters see Johnson as being less corrupt than those who came before him. 

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Britons feel similarly about corruption within the government more generally: 39% of people see it as more corrupt than previous governments, 46% say it's no better or worse than those before it, and just 4% think it is less corrupt. Again, Conservative voters see the current government as no better nor worse (78%) than those earlier, with only 11% thinking it to be more honest.  

When it comes to all Conservative MPs - rather than just those in government - some 35% of the public say they are more corrupt than politicians from other parties, while 48% say they are no different from the rest.  

Six in ten Britons say the Conservative party gives off a sleazy impression 

While the public tends to think Tory MPs are no more or less corrupt than other politicians, they do consider them sleazier. Six in ten people (60%) think that the Conservatives give the impression of being sleazy and disreputable – including one in three (33%) of their own voters.  

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When asked the same of the Labour party, the public are split 33% to 36%.  

Unlike Conservative voters, only one in ten Labour voters say their party is sleazy, with three-quarters disagreeing that Labour gives off a disreputable impression.  

Following their difficult week dealing with their U-turn on standards and dealing with the fallout from Paterson’s resignation, Rishi Sunak says the government will need to “do better” on standards. 

The public certainly agrees, with few Britons (8%) thinking Boris Johnson has handled the allegations well, regardless of their political allegiances. Two-thirds of the public (66%) think he has handled them badly – including 39% saying he has performed “very badly”. 

Even among his party's voters, 54% think the prime minister has handled the issue badly, compared to 23% who think he has handled it well.  

(YouGov UK)

November 12, 2021

Source: https://yougov.co.uk/topics/politics/articles-reports/2021/11/12/second-jobs-and-sleaze-what-do-britons-make-murky-

 

715-716-43-20/Polls

48% Of 10-15 Year Olds Put Climate Change At The Top Of Their Fears For The Future

For the majority of them, childhood and entering adolescence is not a source of carelessness and hope. More than 1 in 2 young people say that the world of tomorrow will be worse off than it is today. Young girls are more pessimistic (59% against 54% for young boys). Even more worrying, those under 10-12 are almost as pessimistic as the older ones (54% against 58% of 13-15 year olds).

Climate change is their main concern, which probably explains in part their fears about the future (cited first by 48% of them). Just behind, they cite poverty (42%), at a very high level, which confirms a phenomenon already observed: the fear of poverty is becoming very important among young people. This figure also partly explains their uninhibited relationship with money, it is not viewed negatively as it was for many generations of young people before them. The health crisis (28%) scares them less than terrorism (31%), with which they grew up and of which they may have felt the target (for example during the Bataclan or Nice attacks). Racism and delinquency are two concerns which are also very strong and which are practically equal in their minds (25% and 24% respectively).

To change society, young people first make the choice to align their lives with their values, far ahead of collective action or political commitment.

To change society, young people advocate less political commitment to overturn the table than to live "as it should". Admittedly, they cite the fact of taking care of others and their loved ones (49%) first, the family remains a strong value. But the most surprising thing is that they just as much choose to consume better (48%) but also to have a job that allows them to defend their ideas (40%), far ahead of voting (31%). A sign of the times, to change society, they advocate speaking out on social networks (13%) as well as getting involved in an association (13%) or demonstrating (13%). Finally, getting involved in politics is now the last option they consider (7%).

Their pessimism about the future, their fears of poverty but also the lack of confidence in politics to change things also probably explain for many the weak questioning of current lifestyles. The vast majority of them want to work later (91%), live as a couple (86%), have children (77%), live in France (77%) or even study (75%).

The health crisis has also probably partly changed their state of mind about where to live. The city attracts only a part of them (only 49%), many want to go to the countryside (49%), a little more 10-12 years (54%) but also many 13-15 years (48%).

Money is seen as very important for 10-15 year olds to be successful in being happy in their life

Money is not a taboo or a subject of rejection for the majority of them, probably because of the very fears they express about the future (especially poverty): 74% would like to earn a lot of money. money to be able to buy whatever they want (versus 26% who would just like to earn what it takes to live well). This attachment to money does not decrease with age, but it is a little stronger among boys (77% versus 71% for girls). Again, this attachment is probably a reflection of their fears about the future.

A condition for being happy in life. The finding is unanimous, 92% of young people questioned said it was. More than 1 in 3 young people even believe that it is an essential condition for being happy in their life (compared to 58% who say it is important but not essential).

Money to help, save and plan, not to burn. Here again, young people aged 10-15 amaze and clash. For the most part, it's not about having money to spend all the time (only 20% of young people would 'slap' their money). Almost 1 in 3 young people say that they would first choose to "invest" it in a house, apartment or shares in a business (31%), and nearly 1 in 5 would choose to put it aside in the bank (19%). If it was a question of giving it, it would first be to family and loved ones (26%), more than to an association (only 13%).

Very young but already often managing their pocket money in a bank account. Almost 8 in 10 young people say they receive pocket money (79%), most often in cash (68%). But the majority of those who receive it have a bank account (51%, 46% of 10-12 year olds and 55% of 13-15 year olds). 78% of them already have or would like to have a bank account (compared to 22% who do not). They may be young, but managing their money themselves is now a problem.

(Ipsos France)

8 November 2021

Source: https://www.ipsos.com/fr-fr/48-des-10-15-ans-hissent-le-changement-climatique-en-tete-de-leurs-craintes-face-lavenir

 

715-716-43-21/Polls

7 Out Of 10 French People Consider Themselves To Be Good Cooks (70%)

7 out of 10 French people consider themselves to be good cooks (70%). Conversely, 25% consider themselves to be bad, a figure drawn on the rise by men (33%).

In addition, while 70% of the French population say they like to cook (74% of women vs. 64% of men), 1 in 3 people say they rarely have the time to do so (33%). Note: young people are those who lack the most time (50% of 18-34 year olds).

In addition, more than half of respondents say that they often lack inspiration when preparing the meal (54%), a figure once again pulled up by 18-34 year olds (66%).

The French have been cooking more since the start of the health crisis

With the successive confinements and the various restrictions linked to the Covid-19 pandemic, many French people have chosen to spend more time behind the stoves. 35% of respondents say they have cooked more since the start of the health crisis (45% of 35-44 year olds).

The rise of cooking boxes

Cooking boxes are home delivered baskets that contain the essentials for a successful specific recipe: ingredients, spices, herbs, and the recipe.

More than 6 in 10 people have heard of this concept (61%). We note that its notoriety is stronger among the French who like to cook (66%) and those who cook more since the start of the pandemic (67%).

According to the results of our study, 26% of French people are interested in the concept of cooking boxes, a figure that is rising by people who lack time to prepare their meals (32%). By comparing the results by age group, we also observe that 25-34 year olds are the most interested, at 41%.

Conversely, 67% of French people are not attracted to the concept. For what reasons ?

63% of them prefer to do their shopping themselves. Among the other arguments raised, we find in particular the price, perceived as too high by 48% of the respondents, and environmental considerations (25%).

What are the most popular cooking box brands in France

There are significant generational differences: while HelloFresh, which communicates a lot via social networks, is particularly popular among 18-34 year olds (51%), Quitoque is more famous among 35-44 year olds (50%). .

Note: 44% of French people do not know any of the brands offered. This figure rises to 58% among 55+.

(YouGov France)
November 9, 2021

Source: https://fr.yougov.com/news/2021/11/09/les-box-cuisiner-concept-qui-seduit-les-francais/

 

715-716-43-22/Polls

Despite An Increasingly Obvious Return To Normalcy, 40% Of Spanish Citizens Still Say That The Pandemic Will Impact The Way They Buy These Holidays

It seems, at this point in 2021, that the pandemic has entered a recessionary phase, and with mass vaccination and the drastic reduction of infections, the world's population is regaining confidence and gradually returning to normal life. previous daily. This can be seen in the activity that takes place in the streets, but also in the commercial premises, which are once again filled with customers who come to see the latest in fashion, technology or other products. Given this scenario and with Christmas just around the corner, one of the periods of most consumption but the most, Ipsos has wanted to analyze in the latest wave of his study Essentials, how consumers approach Christmas shopping and what are the biggest challenges facing brands and outlets.

The first conclusion revealed by the study is that the return to normalcy has brought with it the reactivation of consumption, which causes, as we are seeing in many categories and as a consequence of the pandemic, a mismatch between supply and demand.

What are the biggest challenges facing consumers in their purchases today?

Globally, on average, 61% of respondents say they have faced a challenge in the purchases they have made recently, placing the price first, 23% say they have perceived an increase in prices in recent weeks. Second, we find the lack of stock of some products, mentioned by 20%, followed by issues such as queues too long to pay in physical stores (16%) and even something more typical of the pandemic such as feeling insecure in stores due to lack of social distance (12%).

For its part, in Spain 57% of citizens say they have had a challenge to address in their purchases, in this case in the first position the lack of stock (16%) at the same level as the perception of increases of price, something that indisputably goes of the hand, to lower supply and greater demand the prices increase. For their part, the people of Spain highlight the overcrowding of stores (13%) followed by queues to pay too long (10%) as the other two challenges they have experienced when they have gone shopping in recent weeks.

The unavailability of products at the time of purchase is an issue that we have detected increasingly present in the latest waves of this study and is a trend present both globally and in the 16 countries analyzed in this study. In fact, a global average of 56% say they will advance their Christmas shopping to prevent products from running out, being more common among parents (67%) than among people who do not have children (50%).

How will we buy this Christmas?

According to the study, once most of the restrictions and perimeter closures have been lifted, the number of people who believe the Covid-19 will affect its way of shopping for this season's festivities is greatly reduced. On average, 46% of the world's population still thinks that the virus will affect the way they purchase products and services, 12 points lower than last year, when it stood at 58%.

In Spain, this perception also decreases, from 68% to 40%, one of the largest declines in the countries analyzed, but which still places the Spanish population among the Europeans who most declare that Covid will affect in its form to buy these holidays.

30% say they will buy more online than in 2020, although the same percentage of people say they will spend more time shopping at physical stores. 28% say they will buy more typical Christmas products to increase their Christmas spirit and 27% say they will invest more in experiences than in physical gifts.

The categories where spending will increase the most in the coming weeks will be food (17%), fashion and accessories (15%), telecommunications, holidays and travel and restaurants and takeaway with 14% in all three cases and 13% buy more on personal care and beauty products.

(Ipsos Spain)

2 November 2021

Source: https://www.ipsos.com/es-es/la-falta-de-stock-se-convierte-en-el-principal-problema-en-las-compras-de-la-poblacion-espanola

 

NORTH AMERICA

715-716-43-23/Polls

The Self-Employed Are Back At Work In Pre-Covid-19 Numbers, But Their Businesses Have Smaller Payrolls

The more than 150 million workers in the United States include about 16 million workers who identify as self-employed. They work for profit or fees in their own enterprises and are a representation of America’s small business owners. Many also create jobs for other workers, on the order of about 30 million in recent years.

A bar chart showing that self-employment is back to the level from before the pandemic; employment among other workers is shy of a full recovery

A new Pew Research Center analysis of government data finds that the COVID-19 recession, which curtailed business operations for public health reasons, had a similar impact on employment levels among both those who are and are not self-employed. However, the recovery has been stronger for self-employed workers. At the same time, hiring by the self-employed has fallen since 2019, with the cutbacks emanating mainly from businesses run by men.

Self-employment can be a gateway into the business world for the nation’s entrepreneurs. It can also be a desirable option for those wanting to be their own boss or in search of more flexible work hours. Some workers who lose their jobs in business downturns turn to self-employment, which has risen during recessions. In the coronavirus pandemic, it also may have been a useful option for some parents juggling child care and work.

How we did this

The number of self-employed workers actively at work – not absent for any reason – fell from 14.8 million in the second quarter of 2019 to 12.7 million in the second quarter of 2020, a decrease of 14.2%. Over the same period, the number not self-employed who were actively at work fell from 137.3 million to 115.9 million, a loss of 15.5%. Thus, the immediate impact of the recession, which lasted through March and April of 2020, was felt similarly by the self-employed and the rest of workers.

The number of self-employed workers actively at work rebounded strongly in the economic recovery, increasing by 17.6% from the second quarter of 2020 to the second quarter of 2021. This was sufficient to raise the number of self-employed to 14.9 million, restoring it to 2019 levels. However, employment among the remaining workers actively at work has not yet recovered to its pre-recession level, standing at 131.4 million in the second quarter of 2021 – still 5.9 million (4.3%) short of its level in 2019.

A bar chart showing that self-employment has recovered from the COVID-19 recession for both women and men

Changes in self-employment played out similarly among women and men, both of whom experienced sharp losses in employment in 2020 and notable gains in 2021. Some 5.2 million women were self-employed and actively at work in the second quarter of 2019, but the number fell to 4.4 million in the second quarter of 2020, a loss of 15.0%. Among men, self-employment dropped from 9.6 million in 2019 to 8.2 million in 2020, a loss of 13.7%. By the second quarter of 2021, the number of self-employed women and men had risen to 5.4 million and 9.5 million, respectively, about the same as in 2019 and marking a full recovery.

Among workers who are not self-employed but are actively at work, neither women nor men have returned to their pre-recession level of employment. Among women, the number stood at 62.8 million in the second quarter of 2021, down 2.7 million (4.1%) from the second quarter of 2019. Over the same period, men who are not self-employed have experienced a 4.5% drop in employment, from 71.8 million to 68.6 million.

Hiring of other workers by the self-employed

Self-employed workers and the businesses they run are a significant source of job creation. In 2019, the self-employed had 31.4 million employees on their payrolls. Altogether, the self-employed and their employees accounted for nearly 30% of total employment in the U.S. in 2019. That was about the same as their share of total employment in 2014, when the data first became available. But, after holding steady in 2020, the number hired by the self-employed fell in 2021 and currently stands below its level in 2019.

A bar chart showing that the number of jobs created by self-employed has fallen in the pandemic

In 2020, self-employed workers reported having 31.5 million workers on their payrolls, about the same as in 2019. Meanwhile, the number of other workers in the economy – neither self-employed nor working for the self-employed – fell from 110.5 million to 98.7 million.

It is not entirely clear why employment in businesses run by the self-employed did not decrease during the recession. One reason might be that the Current Population Survey – the government survey that is the source of the estimate – asks about the “usual” number of employees on a self-employed worker’s payroll. Pending more permanent downsizing of their businesses, self-employed workers may not have reported a different level of hiring in 2020 than in 2019.

A delay in reporting downsizing might also be the reason why the payrolls of self-employed workers are estimated to have shrunk during the economic recovery, from 31.5 million in 2020 to 28.3 million in 2021, even as the employment of other workers increased from 98.7 million to 107.5 million. It is also possible that the recent increase in quit rates by workers has affected self-employed business owners more. Nonetheless, the self-employed and their employees still accounted for about 29% of total employment in 2021.

A bar chart showing that self-employed men cut their payrolls in the pandemic; women did not

Self-employed men, who outnumber self-employed women, are also more likely to have employees. Factors that appear to drive this gender gap are differences in family obligations and the distributions of men and women across industries. In 2019, about 26% of self-employed men and 16% of self-employed women had payrolls. Moreover, among the self-employed with employees, men hired 9.4 workers on average in 2019, compared with 7.6 workers on average among women. Thus, men account for most of the hiring by the self-employed.

In 2019, self-employed men had a total payroll of 24.7 million employees and self-employed women had a payroll of 6.7 million. But the number of workers employed by self-employed men fell to 21.2 million by 2021, as these businesses cut hiring by about one worker each, on average. The number of workers hired by self-employed women remained steady and, if anything, appears to have risen during the pandemic, edging up to 7.1 million in 2021.

The reasons why self-employed men reduced hiring during the pandemic, but women did not, are not readily apparent. Self-employed men are more concentrated in construction, and self-employed women are more present in service-sector industries, such as personal care and laundry services. But overall employment trends in these two sectors have been similar during the course of the pandemic, with job losses in construction no more severe than the losses in service-providing industries. Unfortunately, sample size limitations in the source data do not permit a more detailed accounting of the gender differences in hiring trends among the self-employed.

(PEW)

NOVEMBER 3, 2021

Source: https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2021/11/03/the-self-employed-are-back-at-work-in-pre-covid-19-numbers-but-their-businesses-have-smaller-payrolls/

 

715-716-43-24/Polls

A Majority (62%) Of Hispanic Adults Say Having A Darker Skin Color Hurts Hispanics’ Ability To Get Ahead In The United States Today At Least A Little

The perceived impact of skin color in the lives of U.S. Latinos is broad. From impacting their ability to get ahead in the country to shaping their daily life experiences to dealing with discrimination, skin color is seen by Latinos as an important factor affecting their lives and life chances.

For U.S. Latinos, skin color shapes life experiences

A majority (62%) of Hispanic adults say having a darker skin color hurts Hispanics’ ability to get ahead in the United States today at least a little. A similar share (59%) say having a lighter skin color helps Hispanics get ahead. And 57% say skin color shapes their daily life experiences a lot or some, with about half saying discrimination based on race or skin color is a “very big problem” in the U.S. today, according to Pew Research Center’s National Survey of Latinos, a bilingual, national survey of 3,375 Hispanic U.S. adults conducted in March 2021.

Colorism is a form of discrimination based on skin color, usually, though not always, favoring lighter skin color over darker skin color within a racial or ethnic group. While it can be tied to racism, it is not necessarily the same. (Racism is prejudice directed at members of a racial or ethnic group because of their origin.) For example, Hispanics in the U.S. may face discrimination because they are Hispanic (a form of racism), but the degree of discrimination may vary based on skin color, with those of darker shades experiencing more incidents (a form of colorism). And because of colorism’s deep roots in the histories of Latin America and the United States, discrimination based on skin color can occur among Hispanics just as much as it can be directed at Hispanics by non-Hispanics.

To measure this dimension of Latino identity in the United States, the survey asked respondents to identify the skin color that best resembled their own using a version of the Yadon-Ostfeld skin-color scale. Respondents were shown ten skin colors that ranged from fair to dark (see text box below for the images and scale used). Fully 80% of Latino adults selected a color between one and four, or lighter skin colors, while 15% selected a color between five and ten on the scale, or darker skin colors.1

Discrimination and skin color

Colorism in the Americas

Discrimination based on skin color has deep historical roots in Latin America and the Caribbean. Centuries ago, a hierarchical or caste system was established in the Americas, tying privilege, individual worth and access to opportunities to one’s skin color, race and birthplace. This was further shaped by the arrival of slaves from Africa across the region and the mixing of Indigenous, European and African populations.

Today, skin color remains an important determinant of outcomes across the region. Individuals with darker skin achieve lower levels of educational attainment or have less access to health care, for example. And those of lighter skin color experience less discrimination than those of darker skin color.

Colorism is present in the U.S. as well and has similarly impacted the lives of Hispanics, Black Americans and Asian Americans, existing alongside racial discrimination. And it is similarly linked to a number of outcomes. For example, racism may impact both Hispanics of lighter skin and darker skin color, but Hispanics with darker skin may experience more discrimination.

Overall, about half (54%) of Hispanic adults experienced at least one of the eight discrimination incidents asked about in the survey, reflecting broader and ongoing experiences with discrimination among U.S. Hispanics no matter their skin color. However, the new survey finds Hispanics with darker skin color are more likely to have experienced at least one discrimination incident than Hispanics with lighter skin color. Nearly two-thirds (64%) of Hispanics with darker skin say they personally experienced at least one of the eight discrimination incidents during the year previous to the survey, while 54% of Hispanics with lighter skin color say the same.  

Among the discrimination experiences included in the survey, being treated as if they were not smart is the most reported. Some 42% of Latinos with darker skin say this happened to them, as do 34% of Latinos with lighter skin.

The next most common discrimination experiences were those directed at Hispanics by non-Hispanics and Hispanics alike, with the chances of these incidents happening linked to skin color. Some 42% of Hispanics with darker skin personally experienced discrimination or were treated unfairly by someone who is not Hispanic, while 29% of those with lighter skin say the same happened to them. And 41% of Hispanics with darker skin say they personally experienced discrimination or were treated unfairly by someone who is Hispanic, while 25% of those who have a lighter skin color say they too experienced discrimination by someone who is Hispanic.

Hispanics with darker skin more likely to experience discrimination incidents than those with lighter skin

Still, no matter their skin color and despite the notable gap, Latinos are experiencing discrimination. About one-third (32%) of Latinos with darker skin say someone told them to go back to their country, for example, as did 20% 0f those with lighter skin. Some 33% of Latinos with darker skin say someone criticized them for speaking Spanish in public, as did 22% of those with lighter skin. And 27% of Latinos with darker skin say they feared for their personal safety while 20% of those with lighter skin say the same.

While Latinos’ skin color is linked to discrimination experiences, those with darker skin and lighter skin alike say skin color affects opportunity and life experiences in America. For example, majorities of both groups say skin color shapes their daily life experiences – 62% among Latinos with darker skin and 57% among Latinos with lighter skin. And both groups are just as likely to say darker skin color “hurts” Latinos’ ability to get ahead in the U.S. (63% and 64% respectively). About half (49%) of Latinos with lighter skin say discrimination based on race or skin color is a very big problem, as do 41% of those with darker skin.

Impact of race, skin color is a topic of conversation with relatives and friends for Hispanics

A quarter of Latinos say when growing up, family talked to them about the challenges they might face due to their race or ethnicity

Race, skin color and the state of race relations sometimes come up in conversations Latinos have with family and friends. Roughly half (48%) say discrimination based on race or skin color is a topic in conversations at least sometimes with friends and relatives. But these conversations are not happening frequently among all Latinos. About half (51%) say these conversations with relatives and friends happen rarely (30%) or never (21%).

Conversations about racial or skin color discrimination are happening more often among Hispanics with darker skin than those with lighter skin. Six-in-ten Hispanics with darker skin color (60%) say they often or sometimes talk with family and friends about discrimination based on race or skin color, a share that falls to 46% among Hispanics with lighter skin.

And 44% say the topic of U.S. race relations often or sometimes comes up when talking with family and friends. About half (52%) of Hispanics with darker skin say this, as do 43% of Hispanics with lighter skin.

Racial identity and experiences with racism have been a part of some Latinos’ experiences growing up as well. About one-in-four Latinos (27%) say their family talked to them at least sometimes about the challenges they might face due to their race or ethnicity when they were growing up. This is more common among Latinos who indicate they have darker skin (41%) than among those who indicate they have lighter skin (25%).

Capturing skin color among U.S. Hispanics

A self-assessed measure of skin color was included in the survey as one of four measures of racial identity. The survey used a version of the Yadon-Ostfeld 10-point skin color scale, where one represents the lightest skin color and 10 the darkest. (The scale used in the survey is reproduced below.) Survey respondents were asked to select the color that most closely matches their own, even if none of them were exactly right.

Responses were distributed mostly toward lighter skin colors. Eight-in-ten Hispanics selected one of the four lightest skin colors, with the second-lightest ranking on top (28%), followed by the third (21%) and fourth lightest colors (17%). By contrast, 15% of Latino respondents selected one of the six darker skin colors, with only 3% in total selecting one of the four darkest skin colors (7-10). For this report, those who indicated their skin color is between one and four are identified as of a lighter skin color, while those who indicated their skin color is between five and 10 are identified as of a darker skin color.

The distribution of skin color among U.S. Hispanics

Half of Latinos say there is too little national attention on racial issues concerning Latino people

After nearly a year of national engagement over issues of race following the killing of George Floyd in May of 2020 and subsequent nationwide racial justice protests, Latinos are split over whether there is too much or too little attention paid to race and racial issues in the country today. Overall, 37% say that too little attention is paid to these issues, while 36% say there is too much attention and 25% say the amount of attention given to race and racial issues is about the right amount.

Since 2019, fewer Hispanics say too little attention is paid to race and racial issues nationally. Though about half say too little attention is paid to race and racial issues concerning Hispanics

The views of Latinos on this have shifted as the share saying too little attention is paid to race relations has dipped compared with 2019 and 2020, when 50% and 46% of Latinos respectively said the same. At the same time, a growing share say there is too much attention paid to race and racial issues nationally. Some 36% say this today, up from 27% who said the same in 2019.

Even before recent events, Latinos were downbeat about race relations in the U.S. In another 2019 Pew Research Center survey, six-in-ten Latinos (60%) said race relations in the country then were generally bad and getting worse. In the same survey, more Latinos said people not seeing racism where it really does exist was a bigger problem in the country than people seeing racial discrimination where it really does not exist. 

Yet, when it comes to how much attention is paid to race and racial issues concerning Hispanic people, about half of all Hispanics (51%) say too little attention is paid to them today. Among Hispanics with darker skin, 57% say too little attention is paid to racial issues concerning Hispanic people, a higher share than the 50% of those with lighter skin color who say the same.

About as many Hispanics hold this view about the level of national attention paid to race and racial issues concerning Asian people. Over half (55%) of Hispanics say too little attention is paid to race issues concerning Asian people in the country today. Meanwhile, 29% of Hispanics say the amount of national attention paid to race issues concerning Asian people is about right and 14% say too much attention is paid to these issues. (The survey was fielded just as the number of hate and violence incidents focused on Asian Americans drew wide national attention.)

At the same time, 30% of Hispanics say too little attention is paid to race and racial issues related to Black people today, while 45% say too much attention is paid to them and 23% say the right amount of attention is paid to these issues.

Hispanics often hear other Hispanics make racially insensitive comments and jokes about Hispanics and non-Hispanics alike

About half of Hispanics hear racially insensitive comments and jokes from relatives and friends

Hispanics are hearing racially insensitive comments and jokes coming from other Hispanics, according to the survey. Nearly half (48%) of Hispanic adults say they have often or sometimes heard a Hispanic friend or family member make comments or jokes about other Hispanics that might be considered racist or racially insensitive. Similar shares of Hispanics who identify with a lighter skin color (48%) or darker skin color (52%) say they have heard these types of comments or jokes from friends or family at least sometimes.

And 45% of Hispanic adults say the same about hearing a Hispanic friend or family member make racist or racially insensitive comments or jokes about others who are not Hispanic often or at least sometimes. Among Hispanics with darker skin color, 53% say this, a higher share than among Hispanics with lighter skin color (44%).

This is little changed from 2019, when a similar share of Hispanics (47%) said they heard a Hispanic friend or family member make what might be considered a racist comment about people who are not Hispanic. In the same 2019 survey, half of those who heard these comments or jokes from people close to them said they confronted a friend or family member about it.

While Hispanics say skin color affects their ability to get ahead in America, other factors are seen as important as well

Most Hispanics say having a college degree, legal status and a lighter skin color are advantages in U.S.

While a majority of Latinos say skin color impacts Latinos’ opportunity in the U.S. today, education and immigration status are viewed by more as having an impact on the ability to get ahead.

About eight-in-ten Hispanics (82%) say having a college degree helps the ability of Hispanics to get ahead in the U.S. these days. And 78% say the same about living in the U.S. legally. Both are higher than the 59% saying a lighter skin color helps Hispanics get ahead in America and the 62% saying a darker skin color hurts Hispanics.

When asked if gender affects Hispanics’ ability to get ahead in the U.S. today, about half (52%) of Hispanics say being a man helps, while 21% say the same about being a woman. Roughly one-in-three say that being a Hispanic man or woman is neither an advantage nor disadvantage in America today.

For Latinos, discrimination experiences and views about skin color and race are linked

Hispanics who faced discrimination are more likely to say skin color shapes their daily life

Latinos’ views on topics related to race or skin color differ by their own experiences with discrimination. Those who reported experiencing at least one of eight specific forms of discrimination asked about in the survey were more likely than those who did not report one to say having a lighter skin color helps at least a little in the ability of Hispanics to get ahead – 66% vs. 51% respectively.2

About two-thirds (68%) of Latinos who had a discrimination experience in the past year say skin color shapes their daily life experiences a lot or some, compared with 43% of those who had no discrimination experiences that say the same.

In addition, those who had at least one discrimination experience in the past year were more likely than those who did not have such experiences to say discrimination based on race or skin color is a “very big problem” in the U.S., that discrimination based on skin color comes up often or sometimes in conversations with family and friends and that too little attention is paid to race and racial issues in the U.S. these days.

(PEW)

NOVEMBER 4, 2021

Source: https://www.pewresearch.org/hispanic/2021/11/04/majority-of-latinos-say-skin-color-impacts-opportunity-in-america-and-shapes-daily-life/

 

715-716-43-25/Polls

Amid The Pandemic, A Rising Share Of Older U S Adults Are Now Retired

As employers contend with growing numbers of younger employees quitting in the great resignation, the COVID-19 recession and gradual labor market recovery has also been accompanied by an increase in retirement among adults ages 55 and older.

A bar chart showing that half of older U.S. adults are now retired

As of the third quarter of 2021, 50.3% of U.S. adults 55 and older said they were out of the labor force due to retirement, according to a Pew Research Center analysis of the most recent official labor force data. In the third quarter of 2019, before the onset of the pandemic, 48.1% of those adults were retired. In regard to specific age groups, in the third quarter of 2021 66.9% of 65- to 74-year-olds were retired, compared with 64.0% in the same quarter of 2019.

The leading edge of the Baby Boomer generation reached age 62 (the age at which workers can claim Social Security) in 2008. Between 2008 and 2019, the retired population ages 55 and older grew by about 1 million retirees per year. In the past two years, the ranks of retirees 55 and older have grown by 3.5 million.

How we did this

The large impact of the COVID-19 recession – February 2020 to April 2020 – on retirement differs from recent recessions and marks a significant change in a long-standing historical trend toward declining or steady retirement rates among older adults.

During the Great Recession and its aftermath, retirement rates declined. By the third quarter of 2010, 48% of adults ages 55 and older were retired, down from 50% in the same quarter of 2007. The prior recessions did not disrupt the longer-running trend of rising labor force participation and declining retirement among older Americans that began around 1997. Gradually declining retirement reflected in part rising education levels among older Americans as well as gains in their health. In addition, there were policy changes in Social Security that may have impacted retirement decisions. (For example, in 2000 the earnings test on benefit claimants was no longer applied to those who had reached full retirement age.)

A line graph showing that unlike in other recent recessions, the pandemic has increased retirement among older adults

The financial context in which older adults are making retirement decisions during the pandemic is markedly different from the Great Recession. During that period – December 2007 to June 2009 – there was a steep decline in the value of financial assets as well as home prices. The resulting loss of wealth induced some older workers to remain in the labor force and postpone retirement. In contrast, household wealth has been rising since the onset of the pandemic. House prices have been rising in most markets. The stock market did have a sharp sell-off in March 2020 but reached new record highs by August 2020.

The retirement uptick among older Americans is important because, until the pandemic arrived, adults ages 55 and older were the only working age population since 2000 to increase their labor force participation. Labor force participation for the entire working age population declined from an annual average of 67% in 2000 to 63% in 2019. This partly reflects a steep drop in participation among 16- to 24-year-olds (66% to 56%) as young people increasingly pursued schooling rather than employment. Participation has also been declining this century among the “prime working age” population, those ages 25 to 54. The overall decline in labor force participation would have been larger if adults 55 and older had not increased their labor force participation (from 32% in 2000 to 40% in 2019).

It is unclear whether the pandemic-induced increase in retirement among older adults will be temporary or longer lasting. Newly published labor force projections from the Bureau of Labor Statistics suggest it will be temporary. BLS projects large increases in labor force participation among older adults from 2020 to 2030, with nearly 40% of 65- to 69-year-olds being in the labor force by 2030, up from 33% in 2020.

A chart showing that the recent increase in retirement is most prominent among older White adults and college graduates

The recent retirement spike has not been uniform across demographic groups. The share of older White adults who are retired increased 3 percentage points from Q3 of 2019 to Q3 of 2021. The retirement rate of older Black adults did not significantly increase. The retirement rate of U.S.-born adults ages 55 and older rose 3 points from 2019 to 2021, while the rate for their foreign-born peers was unchanged.

Retirement among those 55 and older who have completed at least a bachelor’s degree rose 3 percentage points over this period. Among older adults who have a high school diploma or less the rate increased 1 point. The retirement rate increased for older adults living in metropolitan areas (2 points) and also increased for older adults in rural areas (1 point).

(PEW)

NOVEMBER 4, 2021

Source: https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2021/11/04/amid-the-pandemic-a-rising-share-of-older-u-s-adults-are-now-retired/

 

715-716-43-26/Polls

16% Of Americans Say They Have Ever Invested In, Traded Or Used Cryptocurrency

The vast majority of U.S. adults have heard at least a little about cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin or Ether, and 16% say they personally have invested in, traded or otherwise used one, according to a new Pew Research Center survey. Men ages 18 to 29 are particularly likely to say they have used cryptocurrencies.

A bar chart showing that nearly nine-in-ten Americans say they have heard at least a little about cryptocurrency, and 16% say they have ever invested in, traded or used one themselves

Overall, 86% of Americans say they have heard at least a little about cryptocurrencies, including 24% who say they have heard a lot about them, according to the survey of U.S. adults, conducted Sept. 13-19, 2021. Some 13% say they have heard nothing at all.

In 2015, the Center asked Americans different questions that were focused exclusively on Bitcoin. At the time, 48% of adults said they had heard of Bitcoin (to any degree), and just 1% said they had ever collected, traded or used it.

How we did this

In the new survey, certain demographic groups are particularly likely to say they have used cryptocurrencies, with some of the largest differences by age and gender.

A bar chart showing that 43% of men ages 18 to 29 say they have invested in, traded or used a cryptocurrency

Roughly three-in-ten Americans ages 18 to 29 (31%) say they have ever invested in, traded or used a cryptocurrency such as Bitcoin or Ether, compared with smaller shares of adults in older age groups. Men are about twice as likely as women to say they ever used a cryptocurrency (22% vs. 10%).

These differences are especially pronounced when looking at age and gender together. About four-in-ten men ages 18 to 29 (43%), for example, say they have ever invested in, traded or used a cryptocurrency, compared with 19% of women in the same age range. Among both men and women, the likelihood of having invested in, traded or used cryptocurrency decreases with age.

Asian, Black and Hispanic adults are more likely than White adults to say they have ever invested in, traded or used a cryptocurrency. There are no statistically significant differences by household income.

While majorities across demographic groups say they have heard at least a little about cryptocurrency, smaller shares say they have heard a lot. For example, adults under 50 (31%) and men (35%) are more likely than older Americans (16%) and women (15%), respectively, to say they have heard a lot.

The share of adults who have heard a lot about cryptocurrency also varies by race, ethnicity and household income. For example, 43% of Asian Americans say they have heard a lot about cryptocurrency, compared with 29% of Hispanic adults and about a quarter of Black or White adults. Americans with higher incomes (31%) are more likely than those with middle (25%) and lower incomes (21%) to have heard a lot about cryptocurrency.

These findings emerge as government leaders and others debate the regulation of cryptocurrency – which has been defined as a medium of exchange that is digital, encrypted and decentralized, with no central authority that manages and maintains its value. Financial regulators have worried about policing cryptocurrencies and have raised concerns about the long-term viability of such currencies, such as Bitcoin.

China recently banned transactions using cryptocurrencies. U.S. Federal Reserve Board Chairman Jerome Powell said this summer that these currencies need more regulation, and the Biden administration is trying to combat ransomware by cracking down on cryptocurrency payments. At the same time, El Salvador in September became the first country to declare Bitcoin as legal tender.

(PEW)

NOVEMBER 11, 2021

Source: https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2021/11/11/16-of-americans-say-they-have-ever-invested-in-traded-or-used-cryptocurrency/

 

715-716-43-27/Polls

Among 9-Year-Old Students, Around Four-In-Ten (42%) Said In 2020 That They Read For Fun Almost Every Day, Down From 53% In Both 2012 And 1984

The shares of American 9- and 13-year-olds who say they read for fun on an almost daily basis have dropped from nearly a decade ago and are at the lowest levels since at least the mid-1980s, according to a survey conducted in late 2019 and early 2020 by the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP).

Among both age groups, the percentages who said in the 2019-20 school year that they “read for fun on [their] own time almost every day” were at their lowest points since the question was first asked in 1984, according to the survey, which was fielded among U.S. public and private school students before the COVID-19 outbreak. It is unclear whether the pandemic may have changed these patterns.

A line graph showing that U.S. 9- and 13-year-olds read for fun less often than they used to

How we did this

Among 9-year-old students, around four-in-ten (42%) said in 2020 that they read for fun almost every day, down from 53% in both 2012 and 1984.

The share of 9-year-olds who said they never or hardly ever read for fun on their own time was at its highest point since the question was first fielded: 16% said this in 2020, compared with 11% in 2012 and 9% in 1984.

In 2020, a quarter of 9-year-olds said they read for fun once or twice a week, 9% said they do this once or twice a month, and 8% said they do this a few times a year.

Among 13-year-olds surveyed in the 2019-20 school year, 17% said they read for fun almost every day, a smaller percentage than the 27% who said this in 2012 and roughly half the share (35%) who said this in 1984. About three-in-ten students in this age group (29%) said they never or hardly ever read for fun, up 21 percentage points from the 8% who said the same in 1984.

Around a quarter of 13-year-olds (23%) said in the most recent survey they read for fun once or twice a week, while fewer than two-in-ten said they read for fun either once or twice a month or a few times a year (16% and 15%, respectively).

The NAEP’s questionnaire has historically asked 17-year-old students how often they read for fun, but that portion of the 2020 survey – scheduled to begin last March – was canceled when many schools moved instruction online at the beginning of the COVID-19 outbreak. When the question was last asked in 2012, just 19% of 17-year-olds said they read for fun almost every day. Around a quarter (27%) said they never or hardly ever read for fun.

A line graph showing that American girls are more likely to read for fun than their male counterparts

In the 2020 survey of younger children, female students were more likely than male students to say they read for fun. Nearly half of female 9-year-old students (46%) said they read for fun almost every day, compared with 38% of male students of the same age. And two-in-ten 13-year-old female students reported reading for fun almost every day, while 14% of their male counterparts said they did so.

The share of both male and female students who say they read for fun almost daily has declined across both age groups since 1984. There was a 21-point decrease among 13-year-old girls and a 12-point drop among 9-year-old girls. There were 11- and 16-point decreases for 9- and 13-year-old boys, respectively.

A bar chart showing U.S. students who read for fun on their own time, by race and ethnicity

When it comes to race and ethnicity, 9-year-old students who are Asian American, White or Hispanic were more likely to say they read for fun almost every day than were their Black peers in 2020. Around four-in-ten or more Asian (50%), White (44%) and Hispanic (41%) students said this, compared with 35% of Black students. Among 13-year-olds, 28% of Asian students said they read for fun almost every day, along with two-in-ten White students who said they do this almost every day. These shares are larger than the shares of Black (15%) and Hispanic (10%) students who said the same.

Students who performed better on the reading section of standardized tests in 2020 reported reading for fun more frequently. For example, half of 9-year-old students who scored at or above the 75th percentile on the 2020 reading component of the NAEP reported reading for fun on their own time almost every day, compared with 39% of 9-year-old students who scored below the 25th percentile.

(PEW)

NOVEMBER 12, 2021

Source: https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2021/11/12/among-many-u-s-children-reading-for-fun-has-become-less-common-federal-data-shows/

 

715-716-43-28/Polls

About Three-Quarters (74%) Of Canadians Visited A Social Networking Site In 2021, Up From 69% In 2020

Social media and influencer marketing are expected to play larger roles in marketing plans as part of a pandemic-accelerated shift to digital, with a net 70% of marketers estimating increased spend on social in 2022, according to the 15th annual Digital Marketing Pulse Survey released today by Ipsos Canada, the Canadian Marketing Association and strategy. More than nine in 10 (93%) marketers and agencies say they use social tactics always or often, even as people resume pre-pandemic behaviors.

“Marketers’ growing reliance on social is due to the effectiveness attributed to this tactic, the ease with which consumers are reachable, and the need of many public companies for short-term results,” says Steve Levy at Ipsos in Canada. “We expect to see more resources devoted to paid ads on social, social media content creation, community building and influencer marketing.” 

The success of the social marketing reflects consumers’ activities on the channel, which returned to, and in some cases surpassed, 2019 levels. About three-quarters (74%) of Canadians visited a social networking site in 2021, up from 69% in 2020, and 60% are willing to receive information from a social network, a three-year high.

“Little deters Canadians in their use of social media,” says Levy. “The public may express some concerns over privacy and safety, but they do little to change their social media behaviour.”

Influencer marketing is also gaining importance, with nearly four in 10 marketers (39%) using influencer marketing always or often, a historic high. Email marketing continues to be strong and, as shoppers return to retail, marketers are again turning to on-premise digital signage.

“The research shows marketers’ resilience and adaptability, even in unprecedented times, to reach their customers” says John Wiltshire, president and CEO of the Canadian Marketing Association. “Most consumers today have high expectations that brands will provide them with relevant, personalized offerings, and marketers are diligent in meeting their expectations.”

While the squeeze on Canadian ad agencies persists in 2021, there is a continued appetite to retain some core tactics, largely email marketing, websites, and SEO in house citing accelerated turnaround time and a reduction in costs.

“As marketing leaders face change on so many fronts, relaying how their counterparts are approaching new market realities is a valuable framework for planning. This year’s Pulse check helps us understand how brands are responding to their common challenges – context that marketers are asking us for," says Lisa Faktor, associate publisher of strategy.

The Digital Marketing Pulse Survey measures familiarity and usage of 15 digital marketing tactics among client-side marketers and agencies. The study also includes a consumer poll on their perceptions and behaviors.

(Ipsos Canada)

2 November 2021

Source: https://www.ipsos.com/en-ca/news-polls/Social-Influencer-marketing-channels-will-grow-in-2022-on-premise-digital-signage-bounces-back

 

AUSTRALIA

715-716-43-29/Polls

Support For New Zealand’s Labour/Greens Government Was Down 5% Points To 50% In October As Support For The Labour Party Dropped 6% Points To 39.5%

The governing parties are now only 6% points ahead of the Parliamentary opposition National/Act NZ/ Maori Party on 44%, up 3% points since September. The increase was driven by a rise in support for National, up by 3% points to 26%. Act NZ was unchanged at a record high of 16% and support for the Maori Party was unchanged at 2%.

A small minority of 6% of electors support other minor parties outside Parliament with support for New Zealand First up 1% point to 2.5%, The Opportunities Party down 0.5% points to 1% and support for the New Conservative Party is at 1.5% in October.

This latest New Zealand Roy Morgan Poll on voting intention was conducted by telephone – both landline and mobile – with a New Zealand-wide cross-section of 929 electors during October. Electors were asked: “If a New Zealand Election were held today which party would receive your party vote?” Of all electors surveyed there are 4%, down 1% point, that didn’t name a party.

New Zealand Government Confidence Rating drop 15.5pts to 109.5 in October – the lowest since Jacinda Ardern became Prime Minister four years ago in late 2017

The Roy Morgan Government Confidence Rating dropped by 15.5pts in October to 109.5 to be at its lowest since Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern came to office four years ago in October 2017. The drop in Government Confidence came after the Auckland lockdown was extended throughout October.

In October only 48% (down 9% points) of New Zealand electors said New Zealand was ‘heading in the right direction’ compared to 38.5% (up 6.5% points) who said New Zealand was ‘heading in the wrong direction’.

The latest ANZ-Roy Morgan Consumer Confidence Rating was down by 6.5pts to 98 in October and is now below the latest Consumer Confidence figure in Australia of 106.8 on October 23/24, 2021 after the Australian cities of Sydney, Melbourne and Canberra all emerged from lockdown earlier in October.

Women continue to favour Labour-Greens while men favour National-Act NZ

Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern’s strength lies with the massive edge in support that the Labour Party receives from women. Nearly three-fifths of women (57.5%) support either Labour (49%) or the Greens (8.5%) compared to only 42% of men supporting either Labour (28.5%) or the Greens (13.5%) – a massive ‘gender gap’ of 20.5% points in favour of Ardern’s Labour Party among women.

Men are more likely to support the Parliamentary opposition with 48.5% supporting either National (28.5%), Act NZ (17.5%) or the Maori Party (2.5%) compared to 40% of Women supporting either National (24%), Act NZ (14.5%) or the Maori Party (1.5%).

Roy Morgan Government Confidence Rating is 116 for Women compared to 102.5 for men

The trends are confirmed by the latest Roy Morgan Government Confidence figures which show 49.5% of women say New Zealand is ‘heading in the right direction’ compared to 46% of men but only 33.5% of women say New Zealand is ‘heading in the wrong direction’ compared to 43.5% of men.

Overall, this produces a Roy Morgan Government Confidence Rating of 116 for women compared to only 102.5 for men – a gap of 13.5 points.

Party vote analysis by Gender

 

Total

Men

Women

%

%

%

Labour

39.5

28.5

49

Greens

10.5

13.5

8.5

Labour/Greens

50

42

57.5

National

26

28.5

24

Act NZ

16

17.5

14.5

Maori Party

2

2.5

1.5

National/Act NZ/ Maori Party

44

48.5

40

Others

6

9.5

2.5

Total

100

100

100

Roy Morgan Government Confidence Rating*

Right Direction

48

46

49.5

Wrong Direction

38.5

43.5

33.5

Roy Morgan Government Confidence Rating*

109.5

102.5

116

Can’t say

13.5

10.5

17

Total

100

100

100

*The Roy Morgan Government Confidence Rating is 100 plus the difference between the percentage of Kiwis who say the country is “heading in the right direction” and the percentage who say the country is “seriously heading in the wrong direction”.

Michele Levine, CEO Roy Morgan, says Auckland’s lockdown has been extended well into November as the country chases a full vaccination rate of 90% of the eligible population to begin relaxing restrictions between Auckland and the rest of the country:

“Today’s Roy Morgan New Zealand Poll shows New Zealanders appear to finally be growing weary of using lockdowns to stop the spread of COVID-19 with the country now achieving high rates of vaccination. As of this week 87% of the eligible population has had at least one vaccine dose and 72% of the eligible population is now fully vaccinated.

“The full vaccination rate in New Zealand (72%) is just behind the figure in neighbouring Australia (76%) in which extended lockdowns in Greater Sydney, Greater Melbourne and Canberra have all ended in the last few weeks as full vaccination rates exceeded 70%.

“Support for the Labour-led Government dropped to 50% in October, down 5% points from September. Support for Labour was at 39.5% (down 6% points) while support for the Greens was up 1% point to 10.5%.

“In contrast, support for the Parliamentary Opposition was up 3% points to 44% in October with an increase in support for National, up 3% points to 26%, driving the increase. Support for the ACT NZ was steady at the record high of 16% and support for the Maori Party was unchanged at 2%. 

“Confirming the drop in support for the Labour-led Government were the falls in October in the key Roy Morgan Confidence indicators. The Roy Morgan Government Confidence Rating dropped to 109.5, down 15.5pts from September. This is the lowest Government Confidence Rating since Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern came to power four years ago in October 2017. Amongst men, Government Confidence is just barely in positive territory at 102.5.

“Along with the fall in Government Confidence there has also been a fourth straight monthly fall in the ANZ-Roy Morgan Consumer Confidence Rating, down 6.5pts to 98. This is the lowest Consumer Confidence Rating since May 2020 (97.3) in the early stages of the pandemic.

“Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern has flagged a significant decrease in restrictions will take place when 90% of the eligible population aged 12+ is fully vaccinated which is likely to occur in early December.

“This strict benchmark could well see support continue to drift away from the governing Labour party over the next two months as countries such as neighbouring Australia open up more fully to domestic and international travel in November.”

 

New Zealand Party Vote: 2020-21

https://www.roymorgan.com/~/media/files/morgan%20poll/2020s/2021/november/8849-c1.png?la=enSource: Roy Morgan New Zealand Single Source. January 2020 – October 2021. Base: New Zealand electors aged 18+. Average interviews per month = 929.

New Zealand Party Vote: NZ Govt. v Parliamentary Opposition

https://www.roymorgan.com/~/media/files/morgan%20poll/2020s/2021/november/8849-c2.png?la=enSource: Roy Morgan New Zealand Single Source. January 2020 – October 2021. Base: New Zealand electors aged 18+. Average interviews per month = 929.

Roy Morgan NZ Government Confidence Rating vs. ANZ-Roy Morgan NZ Consumer Confidence

https://www.roymorgan.com/~/media/files/morgan%20poll/2020s/2021/november/8849-c3.png?la=enSource: Roy Morgan New Zealand Single Source. January 2020 – October 2021. Base: New Zealand electors aged 18+. Average interviews per month = 929.

Voting Intention Summary

The following table compares the latest New Zealand Roy Morgan Polls on Voting Intention with the result from the October 17, 2020 General Election:

PARTY VOTE

Labour

Green Party*

National

ACT NZ

Maori Party**

TOP**

NZ First

Other

ELECTIONS

%

%

%

%

%

%

%

%

October 12, 1996*

28.19

10.10

33.87

6.10

n/a

n/a

13.35

8.39

November 27, 1999

38.74

5.16

30.50

7.04

n/a

n/a

4.26

14.30

July 27, 2002

41.26

7.00

20.93

7.14

n/a

n/a

10.38

13.29

September 17, 2005

41.10

5.30

39.10

1.51

2.12

n/a

5.72

5.15

November 8, 2008

33.99

6.72

44.93

3.65

2.39

n/a

4.07

4.25

November 26, 2011

27.48

11.06

47.31

1.07

1.43

n/a

6.59

5.06

September 20, 2014  

25.13

10.70

47.04

0.69

1.32

n/a

8.66

6.46

September 23, 2017

36.89

6.27

44.45

0.50

1.18

2.44

7.20

1.07

October 17, 2020

50.01

7.86

25.58

7.59

1.17

1.51

2.60

3.70

ROY MORGAN POLL

July 2020

53.5

8

26.5

6.5

0.5

1.5

1.5

2

August 2020

48

11.5

28.5

6

0.5

1

2.5

2

September 2020

47.5

9.5

28.5

7

0.5

1.5

2.5

3

NZ Election 2020

50

7.9

25.6

7.6

1.2

1.5

2.6

3.7

November 2020

44

12.5

25.5

10.5

1

2

1.5

3

December 2020

44

10.5

28

10

2

2

2

1.5

January 2021

47

11.5

25

9

2

1.5

2

2

February 2021

45

13.5

29

7.5

1

1

1.5

1.5

March 2021

45.5

12

23

11

1

2

2.5

3

April 2021

41.5

13.5

29.5

9

2.5

0.5

1

2.5